Hand Plane info sought

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Forum topic by Milo posted 02-16-2013 08:52 PM 1091 views 0 times favorited 7 replies Add to Favorites Watch
View Milo's profile


869 posts in 3346 days

02-16-2013 08:52 PM

While I am waiting to be able to get started on my new shop, I thought I’d try and finally get serious about my hand planes. I figure the first step is to properly ID them. Below are a few pics. If you can illuminate me a bit on what they are and the proper us, I’d sure appreciate it.

A Stanley 78? With 2 irons?

Right: The one on the right is a (shoulder?) Craftsman
Left: Only says “Made in the USA”

Right: Made in England
Left: Baily #5

I appreciate it!


-- Beer, Beer, Thank God for Beer. It's my way of keeping my mind fresh and clear...

7 replies so far

View Francisco Luna's profile

Francisco Luna

943 posts in 3420 days

#1 posted 02-16-2013 09:00 PM

the upper one, take a look on this link,all the info needed:

Regarding the smoother, do you see any name on the lateral adjustment lever, that small bar under the blade?

-- Nature is my manifestation of God. I go to nature every day for inspiration in the day's work. I follow in building the principles which nature has used in its domain" Frank Lloyd Wright

View Don W's profile

Don W

18754 posts in 2594 days

#2 posted 02-16-2013 09:08 PM

Use the link Francisco sent and match up according to size, but it looks like the second picture is a #4 and a #6. Bottom id 2 #5’s.

The #78 looks in good shape. Its pretty rare to find one with a fence and depth stop all together. They all should make decent users once cleaned up and tuned.

-- - Collecting is an investment in the past, and the future.

View Milo's profile


869 posts in 3346 days

#3 posted 02-17-2013 12:26 AM

I am going to use the advice from to restore the planes.

I will get some side shots tomorrow if that helps.

-- Beer, Beer, Thank God for Beer. It's my way of keeping my mind fresh and clear...

View Don W's profile

Don W

18754 posts in 2594 days

#4 posted 02-17-2013 12:36 AM

View bandit571's profile


20247 posts in 2710 days

#5 posted 02-17-2013 12:37 AM

There was a Roy Underhill/Chris Schwarz episode a while back. Talks about what each type of plane is used for. The two #5s are either called jack planes, or sometimes called Fore planes, as this is the main plane to turn rough wood to something one can use. The #6 is a Small Jointer Plane. Can be used as a Jointer, oreven as a smooth plane to surface larger panels. The #4 size is a smooth plane, and does just that. It smooths the surface, to prep it for a finish. It is usually the last plane a board would see.

That first plane, a #78 has just one iron. The iron can be used as shown to make rabbets and such on the edge of a board. By moving the iron up front, you then have a “Bullnose Plane” that can work right up to a corner. Should have a fance ( to set how far into the edge it will plane) a depth gauge, to tell you when you are deep enough. One item to look at on these: Check for the “spur”. Looks like a four leaf clover on the side of the plane, just in front of the “Rabbet” iron’s location. Sometimes called a Knicker. It scores across the grain, when making a rabbet on the end of a board.

I have in house, all but the 78. Ask away, I might even have a picture, or three to show off.

-- A Planer? I'M the planer, this is what I use

View poopiekat's profile


4356 posts in 3761 days

#6 posted 02-17-2013 12:46 AM

While looking at a #78 at an antiques show, the woman behind the table saw me looking at the plane, and she apologized profusely because “the front blade and cover were missing”....$8 and I took it home. Oh, and I like Footprint planes, #4s especially. Got two or three myself.

-- Einstein: "The intuitive mind is a sacred gift, and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift." I'm Poopiekat!!

View Milo's profile


869 posts in 3346 days

#7 posted 02-18-2013 12:59 PM

Sorry I got delay replying. Went to Olustee Battle Reenactment and got home way later than I anticipate.

There is NO additional information on the two planes that have no identification. The smoother (L, picture 3) has an interesting feature that the back of the sole has a protrusion the that the handle sits on.

The other plane (R, picture 4) only has the word “Footprint” on the lever cap.

Thanks for all the info!

-- Beer, Beer, Thank God for Beer. It's my way of keeping my mind fresh and clear...

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