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Tips & Tricks: Woodworking Terminology

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Forum topic by MsDebbieP posted 1022 days ago 2752 views 1 time favorited 19 replies Add to Favorites Watch
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MsDebbieP

18615 posts in 2793 days


1022 days ago

Topic tags/keywords: terminology dictionary tips tricks

Let’s create a mini woodworking-dictionary:

Woodworking Terminology
  • name it
  • define it
 
(also add links to helpful blogs etc that are related to the topic)

Gateway to all Tips & Tricks Topics
 

-- ~ Debbie, Canada (https://www.facebook.com/DebbiePribeleENJOConsultant)


19 replies so far

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WoodWoman

2 posts in 1031 days


#1 posted 1022 days ago

Mortise & Tenon Joint : a woodworking joint that is made by inserting a tenon into a mortise.

Mortise: The cavity, whether square or round which accepts the fit of a like size and shaped tenon to form a joint.

Tenon: A projection at the end of a piece of wood that fits into a like size and shaped mortise to form a joint.

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MsDebbieP

18615 posts in 2793 days


#2 posted 1022 days ago

board foot: thickness x width x length divided by 144 equals board feet
here is a good discussion re: measuring when purchasing

-- ~ Debbie, Canada (https://www.facebook.com/DebbiePribeleENJOConsultant)

View Gregn's profile

Gregn

1642 posts in 1616 days


#3 posted 1022 days ago

Cook: To set aside a glue up while glue cures.

-- I don't make mistakes, I have great learning lessons, Greg

View 404 - Not Found's profile

404 - Not Found

2544 posts in 1602 days


#4 posted 1022 days ago

a few for the timber merchants

PAO = Planed all over

PSE = Planed square edge

cube = 12 board foot

wide plank = 9” and over at a premium

deal (red deal/white deal) a pine plank 2” or under by 10” or under (red = scots pine, white = norwegian pine)

View Mark's profile

Mark

1787 posts in 1906 days


#5 posted 1022 days ago

2×4 = 1.5”x3.5”

-- My purpose in life: Making sawdust

View Rick's profile

Rick

6454 posts in 1665 days


#6 posted 1021 days ago

”Golden Ratio” Used to Design & Layout MANY Items including Woodwork. It also appears Naturally in Nature.

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Wesh Love Spoons and Golden Ratio Caliper.

-- COMMON SENSE Is Like Deodorant. The People Who need It Most, Never Use It.

View Joe Lyddon's profile

Joe Lyddon

7683 posts in 2685 days


#7 posted 1021 days ago

Wood magazine had one those little tools featured a few months back…

I made a few of them…

They’re very nice!

-- Have Fun! Joe Lyddon - Alta Loma, CA USA - Home: http://www.WoodworkStuff.net ... My Small Gallery: http://www.ncwoodworker.net/pp/showgallery.php?ppuser=1389&cat=500"

View MsDebbieP's profile

MsDebbieP

18615 posts in 2793 days


#8 posted 1019 days ago

Heartwood – the centre part of the tree, typically harder than the rest of the tree (if I understand correctly)

Sapwood – the outer part of the tree (where the sap runs) and often softer than the rest of the wood (if I understand correctly) and usually a lighter colour

(See Sodbuster’s comment #17 below for better information)

-- ~ Debbie, Canada (https://www.facebook.com/DebbiePribeleENJOConsultant)

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MsDebbieP

18615 posts in 2793 days


#9 posted 1019 days ago

Quarter sawn / Rift Sawn / Plain or Flat Sawn – how the lumber is milled.
Here is a great discussion re: the differences

-- ~ Debbie, Canada (https://www.facebook.com/DebbiePribeleENJOConsultant)

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MsDebbieP

18615 posts in 2793 days


#10 posted 1018 days ago

Kerf – the cut size created by the size of the saw blade.

-- ~ Debbie, Canada (https://www.facebook.com/DebbiePribeleENJOConsultant)

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MsDebbieP

18615 posts in 2793 days


#11 posted 1017 days ago

Cramp – A frame with an adjustable part, used to hold pieces together

Clamp -A tool with a screw at one end, used to hold wood together

Vise -A clamping devise with two jaws

-- ~ Debbie, Canada (https://www.facebook.com/DebbiePribeleENJOConsultant)

View poopiekat's profile

poopiekat

3596 posts in 2367 days


#12 posted 1017 days ago

I hope nobody posts that tedious glossary of twenty woodworking terms that begins: “Drill Press: a device for grabbing metal with sharp edges and throwing it across the room…..” Egads, it’s been posted enough times already….

-- Einstein: "The intuitive mind is a sacred gift, and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift." I'm Poopiekat!!

View SeaWitch's profile

SeaWitch

149 posts in 1027 days


#13 posted 1017 days ago

Caul = a wood strip used for clamping. A Caul is often planed so it is slightly bowed so that when it’s clamped down on the ends, the center maintains contact with the piece being clamped on. It’s usually used on several boards being glued together edge to edge so they all stay flat across the top.

-- When you are asked if you can do a job, tell 'em, 'Certainly I can!' Then get busy and find out how to do it.”   Theodore Roosevelt

View ryno101's profile

ryno101

379 posts in 2297 days


#14 posted 1016 days ago

One that I always forget regarding frame & panel construction…

Rails – The horizontal members of the frame Stiles – The vertical members of the frame

-- Ryno

View Sodbuster's profile

Sodbuster

35 posts in 1683 days


#15 posted 1016 days ago

MsDebbieP

As to hardness and strength of heartwood vs sapwood, the answer is “sometimes”. Extractives in the wood sometimes create a color difference is some species, but in others, none at all. These extractives may cause a slight difference in compressive, shear, and hardness readings, but not a major amount. Color and resistance to decay, in some species, is the main difference.

Source – Textbook of Wood Technology, Panshin and DeZeeuw, pg.228 -231.

A lot of the old timers thought the sapwood was much weaker or softer. Just didn’t hold up to scientific testing.

-- M Clark, Georgia

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