# Board Foot Calculation

 Forum topic by JKVWood posted 01-17-2017 04:12 PM 1023 views 0 times favorited 14 replies
 JKVWood4 posts in 933 days 01-17-2017 04:12 PM Howdy. I need help calculating this butcher block island. It’s going to be made with edge grain, 55” long, 54” wide, 1-1/4” thick. I know BF is LxWxH, but flipping the wood for edge grain is throwing me off. I’m just looking for an exact measurement, no need to count for waste, kerf, etc. Thanks!

## 14 replies so far

 buckbuster31254 posts in 715 days #1 posted 01-17-2017 04:18 PM should still be the same board feet I would think splintergroup2423 posts in 1422 days #2 posted 01-17-2017 04:37 PM BF is measured for rough cut. That is, a board described as 2bf would be 6” wide by 4 feet long by 1” thick. If finished (planed) on both sides the thickness would be more like 7/8” or 3/4” so you need to adjust your order for that difference if it applies. If the board has straight cut sides, this makes the 6” wide rough board often as little as 5-1/2” Butcher blocks have a lot of waste with the cuts and final flattening, getting close to 2x the actual wood volume in the final product. AlaskaGuy4784 posts in 2509 days #3 posted 01-17-2017 05:35 PM You keep saying “edge” grain. Do you mean “end” grain? -- Alaskan's for Global warming! bondogaposis5088 posts in 2551 days #4 posted 01-17-2017 05:58 PM 25.8 bf. -- Bondo Gaposis RogerM799 posts in 2599 days #5 posted 01-17-2017 07:49 PM Board feet is a measurement of volume. I BF always equals 144 cubic inches. Therefore, Width (inches) X Length (incles) X thickness (inches) divided by 144 will give you board feet. -- Roger M, Aiken, SC ScottM691 posts in 2346 days #6 posted 01-17-2017 08:46 PM Try this site. William Shelley595 posts in 1669 days #7 posted 01-17-2017 10:02 PM An end-grain butcher block will probably have a LOT of waste. I’d factor in +20% to +40% to the actual volume. -- Woodworking from an engineer's perspective MT_Stringer3183 posts in 3431 days #8 posted 01-17-2017 10:10 PM Howdy. I need help calculating this butcher block island. It s going to be made with edge grain, 55” long, 54” wide, 1-1/4” thick. I know BF is LxWxH, but flipping the wood for edge grain is throwing me off. I m just looking for an exact measurement, no need to count for waste, kerf, etc. Thanks! - JKVWood Got clamps? :-) That is going to be a heck of a glue up. Good luck.Assuming no loss for waste – 25.8bd ft. But there will be waste…quiet a bit for sure. -- Handcrafted by Mike Henderson - Channelview, Texas JBrow1366 posts in 1120 days #9 posted 01-18-2017 12:47 PM JKVWood, Board feet can be calculated by first defining a surface (that has width and length) whose area in square feet is calculated. The area of the surface is then multiplied by the thickness, in inches. Re-orienting the boards effect the surface for which the area is calculated as well as the thickness measurement. The calculated result should be the same no matter how the volume of wood is defined. If length is 55 inches = 4.6 feet and width is 54 inches = 4.5 feet, the surface area is 4.6 feet X 4.5 feet = 20.7 square feet and board Feet is 20.7 square feet x 1.25 inches = 25.9 board feet On the other hand if length is 55 inches = 4.6 feet and width is 1-1/4 inches = .1 feet, the surface area is 4.6 feet X .1 feet = .48 square feet and board feet is .48 square feet X 54 inches = 25.9 board feet. ScottM691 posts in 2346 days #10 posted 01-18-2017 12:51 PM JKVWood, Board feet can be calculated by first defining a surface (that has width and length) whose area in square feet is calculated. The area of the surface is then multiplied by the thickness, in inches. Re-orienting the boards effect the surface for which the area is calculated as well as the thickness measurement. The calculated result should be the same no matter how the volume of wood is defined. If length is 55 inches = 4.6 feet and width is 54 inches = 4.5 feet, the surface area is 4.6 feet X 4.5 feet = 20.7 square feet and board Feet is 20.7 square feet x 1.25 inches = 25.9 board feet On the other hand if length is 55 inches = 4.6 feet and width is 1-1/4 inches = .1 feet, the surface area is 4.6 feet X .1 feet = .48 square feet and board feet is .48 square feet X 54 inches = 25.9 board feet. - JBrow Exactly what this site says it is…. rwe21563170 posts in 1680 days #11 posted 01-18-2017 03:49 PM Board feet is a volume measurement to it doesn’t matter. The number Bondo gave is correct. Best to always go 10-20% over to allow for imperfections in wood and the “oops” factor. -- Everything is a prototype thats why its one of a kind!! RandyinFlorida257 posts in 2267 days #12 posted 01-19-2017 03:26 PM For what it’s worth my downloaded APP says 24.7 BF. Several different apps available at the APP store. -- Randy in Crestview Florida, Wood Rocks! GR8HUNTER5111 posts in 912 days #13 posted 01-19-2017 04:35 PM Try this site. - ScottM DITTO ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ -- Tony---- Reinholds,Pa.------ REMEMBER TO ALWAYS HAVE FUN JayT5960 posts in 2411 days #14 posted 01-19-2017 04:48 PM There’s a different issue here that splintergroup touched on, but I don’t see where it’s been factored into any of the calculations. While board feed is a volume calculation and should not change, the reality is that it’s not a true measurement, because nominal 4/4 stock is only ~3/4in thick once planed, but calculated as if it is 1in thick. So what I see is that while the shape that is being built is 24.8 bd ft in volume, turning the pieces on edge means that it would take 72 sticks that are 3/4in thick to get the 54in desired width. Running the calculation with that many pieces means that 34.375 bd feet of 4/4 stock will be needed to complete the project, plus waste. If the final thickness of the planed nominal 4/4 stock is 7/8in, then it would take 29.6 bd ft of stock, plus waste. I think that is what the OP was referring to when he said the edge grain aspect was throwing him off. -- In matters of style, swim with the current; in matters of principle, stand like a rock. Thomas Jefferson