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Milling Wide Boards

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Blog entry by thewoodwhisperer posted 838 days ago 5559 reads 0 times favorited 8 comments Add to Favorites Watch

Original Article

There is nothing worse then when you have an absolutely beautiful board that is nice and wide and you realize it won’t fit on your jointer. So you have no choice but to rip it in half, joint each piece separately, and then glue the pieces back together. Wouldn’t it be so much nicer if we could just keep everything whole and preserve the wood’s natural beauty without a grain-interrupting glue line? Well, it’s your lucky day because I’m going to show you two techniques that will help you keep your wide boards intact. Both methods utilize the planer for final flattening, but one method starts with a hand plane and the other starts with the jointer.

The Hand Plane Trick
It should be said that the traditional way to handle a wide board would be to simply mill it 4-square with your hand planes. But this method is intended as a quicker, more beginner-friendly, hybrid alternative. It begins with planing one side of the board flat. By laying the board face down on a known flat surface (workbench, assembly table, tablesaw…), you can simply rock the piece back and forth to determine if any twist, cup, or bow exists. Mark the high spots with a pencil and begin planing them down. Keep testing your progress by flipping the piece over and checking for rocking. Eventually, you should end up with a reasonably flat and stable board. Once you are confident the one side is flat, you can simply send the board through the planer with the flat side down and then mill the edges using your preferred method.

Here’s a quick tip. The initial flat surface doesn’t need to be perfectly flat. If the board is slightly concave and it isn’t too long, it can still register perfectly during a pass through the planer. So for the sake of expedience, don’t shoot for dead flat. Shoot for even registration around the perimeter and if the center area is hollowed out ever so slightly, that’s ok.

The Jointer Trick

So your jointer is only 6” side and your fancy board is 9” wide. No problem. But before I go into detail here, note that this technique does require the removal of the jointer’s safety guard. Exercise the highest level of caution during this process and place the guard back on the jointer immediately after! Don’t make me come over there!

Planer Trick RidgeOnce the guard is removed, you should have the ability to run an extra wide boards over the tables. Take one or two passes and flip the board over to see what you’re up against. If the board is badly twisted, it may take a few more passes. What you’re looking for is a little ridge. Only 6” worth of the board’s width is making contact with the blades. So the overhanging area should appear as a raised portion of stock running the length of the board.

Now here’s the “trick”, and you have two options. First, you can simply double-stick tape a piece of flat sheetgood stock to the flat milled portion of your board. Planer Trick SledThe sheetgood sled can be anything from plywood to MDF to particle board and should be at least the width of the flattened section and the length of the board. Once securely attached, you can flip the sandwich over and run it through the planer. The uneven raised portion of the board will now be raised above the planer table surface and won’t have any impact. The flat section of the board is now registering against the sled and since the sled is flat as well, we are able to achieve perfect flat registration as we pass the assembly through the planer. One the new face of the board is clean and flat, we can disassemble the sandwich and run the board through the planer one last time to remove the raised uneven portion.

The second option after the initial flattening is to remove the uneven raised portion using a hand plane. A few passes with a hand plane is all it takes to flush up the rest of the surface. Once flat, you can simple pass the piece through the planer with the clean and flat face down.

-- For free video tutorials and other cool woodworking stuff, check out http://www.TheWoodWhisperer.com



8 comments so far

View lysdexic's profile

lysdexic

4779 posts in 1224 days


#1 posted 838 days ago

Thanks Marc,

I was in exactly this predicament last week. I have a Rigid 6” jointer and used this method to mill my 9 1/2” boards for the split roubo chop.

-- It isn't the mountains ahead to climb that wear you out; it's the pebble in your shoe. - Muhammad Ali

View Bob Kollman's profile

Bob Kollman

1796 posts in 1792 days


#2 posted 838 days ago

Thanks Marc, very creative way to get the job done.

-- Bob Kenosha Wi.

View RGtools's profile

RGtools

3302 posts in 1256 days


#3 posted 838 days ago

Nice trick. I like it.

-- Make furniture that lasts as long as the tree - Ryan

View Kevin's profile

Kevin

539 posts in 900 days


#4 posted 837 days ago

I will definitely be using this technique, Thanks.

-- Measure twice, cut once, then rout a whole bunch

View Rob_n_Wood's profile

Rob_n_Wood

109 posts in 1950 days


#5 posted 837 days ago

That’s a great technique and I know personally that it works.
Had the very same problem with some 10” Ash I was milling,
a friend of mine showed me the technique and was I impressed
Hope things are going well at home with your young-en

Thanks for sharing this one Marc

Rob

-- "I predict future happiness for Americans if they can prevent the government from wasting the labors of the people under the pretense of taking care of them." Thomas Jefferson

View a1Jim's profile

a1Jim

112000 posts in 2178 days


#6 posted 837 days ago

That works well Mark ,Tim had a blog on it a while ago ,http://lumberjocks.com/tenontim/blog/26637
I guess great minds of but a single thought

-- http://artisticwoodstudio.com Custom furniture

View RickRogers7's profile

RickRogers7

39 posts in 1639 days


#7 posted 836 days ago

Very usefull technique. Thanks for posting

View steliart's profile

steliart

1807 posts in 1290 days


#8 posted 836 days ago

Another great video from you Mark, thanks for sharing

-- Stelios L.A. Stavrinides: - I am not so rich to buy cheap tools, but... necessity is the mother of inventions - http://www.steliart.com --

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