Reply by WDHLT15

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Posted on Unknown Wood type

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1747 posts in 2500 days

#1 posted 10-19-2011 02:32 PM

It is definitely not oak. The medullary rays are not visible to the naked eye, and in oak, they would jump out at you. It is not elm as in elm, the latewood pores are in wavy bands. In these samples, the latewood pores are not arranged in wavy bands.

If it is chestnut, there will be evidence of occlusion of the pores with crystalline structures called tyloses. These are what plug up the pores in white oak making white oak suitable for wine and whiskey barrels (the wood will not “weep” moisture). The tyloses look like little grains of quartz or glass, that is, they are shiny. You will probably need a magnifying glass or hand lens to see them. If they are absent, it is not chestnut.

It might then be another ring porous hardwood like kentucky coffee tree, catalpa, or sassafras and they have a similar color. I do not know anything about ramin or the tropical woods, but it does not appear to be ramin from the pattern of the grain. It could be ailanthus, but that is not a common furniture wood at all.

Of all these possibilities, the only species that was a common commercial furniture wood is chestnut. Look for the tyloses!

-- Danny Located in Perry, GA. Forester. Wood-Mizer LT40HD35 Sawmill. Nyle L53 Dehumidification Kiln.

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