Shop Made Side Rabbet/Rebate Planes (for Plane Swap)

  • Advertise with us
Project by Mauricio posted 10-22-2013 02:15 AM 3868 views 40 times favorited 56 comments Add to Favorites Watch

I was recently in need of one of these when I was plowing a groove to accept a plywood panel. Since plywood is undersized I had to plow a narrower groove and then enlarge it.

I had seen this design in Charles Hayward’s old book “How to Make Woodwork Tools” and have wanted to make it for a while; the Plane Swap was the perfect motivation to try it.

Edit: Here a link to the book with a lot of grea tool making info:

The iron’s are new 5/8” plow plane irons ordered from Stanley. The wood is walnut finished with a couple of thin seal coats of shellac, followed by steel wool and dark wax.

The plane went to LukieB, the pictures above with the white background are courtesy of him since he is much better at taking pictures than I am.

Read below for more information than you ever wanted to know about Side Rabbet Planes!
These are some notes I took for Lucas to help him use these tricky planes:
• Depth of cut is pretty much set at ~.005” and not adjustable. It can be set to cut shallower but then the tip of the iron won’t get to the bottom of the groove, likewise if it is set for a heavier cut the tip will dig in to the bottom of the groove.
• The tip of the iron should be “docked” see the instructions for the Veritas version for details on this:
• Grinding the iron down and removing some of the “docking” could get you a shallower cut but I set it as shallow as I could for now. Also to little docking makes the tip weak.
• The original design called for the wooden clamp being further forward. This got in the way when working inside most narrow grooves so I moved it further back and knocked off the bottom corner. As is, it will work inside a 3/8” groove up to ¼” deep. You could shave a little of the wooden clamp if you needed to get a little deeper but I figured ¼” should cover most needs.
• One important subtlety I’ve figured out is that the position of the wedge slightly forward or backwards can affect the depth of cut across the blade. This can cause the clamp to put more pressure on one side of the wedge causing one side to cut deeper or shallower. Play with that before changing the angle on the blade.
• The plane body can be flexed with hand pressure so keep that in mind when using it.
• The plane can be used to clean up sliding DT’s if you cut a 1:6 (or whatever) angle on the non-cutting side of the sole.
o This will only work on the tongue part of the T&G because the wooden clamp will get in the way when doing the groove. Just a limitation of this design. However, in a pinch you could remove the wooden clamp and use a C-clamp over the top of the plane. Would be ghetto but it would work.
o Because of the above and because these planes don’t do the best job on end grain I left the sole square which helps keep the plane vertical.
o Just in case you do want to modify the sole I left the brass wear plate unglued so it can be removed, that way you don’t cut into the screws. Also I found out (the hard way) that polyurethane glue breaks down from the heat of flattening the sole which is another reason I didn’t glue it, no point.

Here are a few more pics of the plane and the build process.

The Red Oak prototype:


Carving the blade bed.

This is where my first plane blew up and why I sent it late. I tried to go for a full length brass sole. The problem is with so much grinding the glue failed due to the heat. I didnt realize this until I went to drill out the philips screws (should have used slotted because the Philips socket goes to deep and will show when you file off the screw heads). Anyway, the screws blew out the other side when I tried to drill them out so it was a mess. I’ll fix this one and make it a user.

So, don’t do that! Leave the back part wood and the front works better if its brass with a tight mouth.

Thanks for looking, question and comments are welcome.


-- Mauricio - Woodstock, GA - "Confusion is the Womb of Learning, with utter conviction being it's Tomb" Prof. T.O. Nitsch

56 comments so far

View JayT's profile


2789 posts in 1000 days

#1 posted 10-22-2013 02:21 AM

Those are awesome, Maur. Way to push the envelope for yourself and the swap.

-- "My concern is not whether God is on our side; my greatest concern is to be on God's side, for God is always right." Abraham Lincoln

View GMatheson's profile


459 posts in 1758 days

#2 posted 10-22-2013 02:39 AM

Grew planes Maur. I added it to my favorites and plan on giving these planes a shot soon. That Hayward book has all kinds of great tool ideas. I think everyone should check it out.

-- Greg in Ontario, Canada

View ShaneA's profile


5515 posts in 1387 days

#3 posted 10-22-2013 02:41 AM

Dang bro! You went all next level on these. Major props for the plane awesomeness.

View Oldtool's profile


1964 posts in 979 days

#4 posted 10-22-2013 02:52 AM

Excellent, simply excellent. Sweet.

-- "I am a firm believer in the people. If given the truth, they can be depended upon to meet any national crisis. The point is to bring them the real facts." - Abraham Lincoln

View bobasaurus's profile


1494 posts in 1973 days

#5 posted 10-22-2013 02:55 AM

These are seriously neat little planes… I really wish I had a set myself. I’ll have to read through your build more carefully later, as it seems really extensive and useful. The brass insert near the mouth is a nice touch, too.

-- Allen, Colorado

View Monte Pittman's profile

Monte Pittman

15870 posts in 1127 days

#6 posted 10-22-2013 02:56 AM

Nothing less than high quality craftsmanship

-- Mother Nature created it, I just assemble it.

View tyvekboy's profile


758 posts in 1802 days

#7 posted 10-22-2013 03:05 AM

Nice tool.

-- Tyvekboy -- Marietta, GA ………….. one can never be too organized

View Airframer's profile


2803 posts in 742 days

#8 posted 10-22-2013 03:06 AM

Those are pretty sweet! I might need to make myself a pair.. of I can ever get any shop time in that is….

-- Eric - "I'm getting proficient with these hand jobbers. - BigRedKnothead"

View TopamaxSurvivor's profile


15265 posts in 2464 days

#9 posted 10-22-2013 03:14 AM

Awesome! When you swap, you may be trading down!!~;-)

-- "some old things are lovely, warm still with life ... of the forgotten men who made them." - D.H. Lawrence

View CL810's profile


2564 posts in 1777 days

#10 posted 10-22-2013 03:20 AM

Maur you do some awesome work!

-- "It's amazing how much can go wrong when you think you know what you're doing."

View Mauricio's profile


6946 posts in 1940 days

#11 posted 10-22-2013 03:25 AM

Thanks for the great comments guys.

it’s not a plane you use much but when you do your glad you have it.

Also thanks for the favorites! If I can help anyone with advice on making these please let me know.

Also, if anyone has plans on how to make these I’d like to know because I couldn’t find any info.

There are some advantages and disadvantages to each design.

-- Mauricio - Woodstock, GA - "Confusion is the Womb of Learning, with utter conviction being it's Tomb" Prof. T.O. Nitsch

View KOVA's profile


1311 posts in 1167 days

#12 posted 10-22-2013 03:36 AM



View bondogaposis's profile


2873 posts in 1140 days

#13 posted 10-22-2013 04:22 AM

Those are really nice, terrific work.

-- Bondo Gaposis

View CFrye's profile


4129 posts in 628 days

#14 posted 10-22-2013 05:56 AM

Gonna have to check out that book by Hayward. Some awesome planes coming from it’s inspiration! Great job!

-- God bless, Candy

View TopamaxSurvivor's profile


15265 posts in 2464 days

#15 posted 10-22-2013 06:13 AM

try this:

-- "some old things are lovely, warm still with life ... of the forgotten men who made them." - D.H. Lawrence

showing 1 through 15 of 56 comments

Have your say...

You must be signed in to post the comments.

DISCLAIMER: Any posts on LJ are posted by individuals acting in their own right and do not necessarily reflect the views of LJ. LJ will not be held liable for the actions of any user.

Latest Projects | Latest Blog Entries | Latest Forum Topics

Latest Projects | Latest Blog Entries | Latest Forum Topics :: gardening showcase