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Plough plane and blades

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Project by Ben posted 526 days ago 2514 views 7 times favorited 15 comments Add to Favorites Watch

In my quest to be completely flesh powered, I needed a plough plane to cut grooves. The plane and the blades were all made in house. The plane is made out of oak, and the blades were cut from a 3/16ths inch bar of O1 and then heat treated in my forge.

As always, any questions or comments are always welcome.

-- Do something nice for somebody





15 comments so far

View Mosquito's profile

Mosquito

4516 posts in 898 days


#1 posted 526 days ago

Very cool. I really like it.

-- Mos - Twin Cities, MN -- Stanley #45 Evangelist - www.youtube.com/MosquitoMods

View Kreegan's profile

Kreegan

1452 posts in 752 days


#2 posted 526 days ago

Very good job. I’ve been thinking about doing this exact thing. I don’t have a forge, so I was just going to buy the blades from Lee Valley.

View Oldtool's profile

Oldtool

1751 posts in 796 days


#3 posted 526 days ago

Super nice build. Home made tools are the best. Great job on the details, looks professional. Have fun using it.

-- "I am a firm believer in the people. If given the truth, they can be depended upon to meet any national crisis. The point is to bring them the real facts." - Abraham Lincoln

View Ben's profile

Ben

273 posts in 2319 days


#4 posted 526 days ago

Thanks for the comments. It is a lot of fun to use.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View ksSlim's profile

ksSlim

958 posts in 1495 days


#5 posted 525 days ago

Nice job on the plane body.

Did you hammer the blade, or just heat treat in the forge?

-- Sawdust and shavings are therapeutic

View Ben's profile

Ben

273 posts in 2319 days


#6 posted 525 days ago

The blades were just cut from the bar stock. I didn’t have quite enough confidence in my forging capabilities at the time to try and hammer them out. If I make another one in the future it’s certainly something I will attempt. My next forging project will be a holdfast and then possibly a draw knife and scorp to do some chair making.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Rob Drown's profile

Rob Drown

713 posts in 2438 days


#7 posted 525 days ago

So incredable cool! How long did it take you to make it? Is it your design? How does it work?

-- The expectations of life depend upon diligence; the mechanic that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools. Confucius, 经过艰苦的努力的梦想可以成真

View Ben's profile

Ben

273 posts in 2319 days


#8 posted 525 days ago

The plane probably took me about 25 to 30 hours of work if you include cutting the blades and heat treating them. Ten more if your include the fact that I screwed up making the blades the first time around. I tried to weld small pieces of tool steel tips to mild steel. I got way to much pitting and they were too weak, but I only figured this out after I had spent a decent amount of time filing them. Like I told my wife, nothing lost as long as I learned something in the process.

The design is something of an amalgamation of pictures I found online of other planes, and the size of the pieces of wood I had on hand.

It works OK for my being my first attempt. I had never actually held a plough plane before I made mine so I have nothing to compare it to. However, it gets the job done in what I consider a decent amount of time. That being said, there are a few changes I will make on any future ploughs I might make. The mouth is too large. The shavings have a tendency to curl and clog in the mouth before they exit. Also, most ploughs look to be made from 6/4 stock. Mine is made from 4/4 because that is what I had on hand. So I didn’t add a depth stop for integrity reasons. I might try to add one later after, because it is very difficult to get an even depth with a plane about 8 inches long and no way to make a scribe mark to cut to.

Like I said, being my first attempt with what I guess you could call my design I’m happy with its performance.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Ben's profile

Ben

273 posts in 2319 days


#9 posted 525 days ago

Another thing is that the blades aren’t tapered. Many of the plough planes and blades you can find are tapered to get a tighter wedged fit. I was able to file a groove in the blades to seat on the skates. It takes a little finagling, but the blades sit well and tight. Also, the wedged fence rails also take a little finagling to set up, but once they’re set they stay put. I might try a bridle mechanism in the future to make it a little more user friendly. Now that I think about it, maybe even polishing up the mouth could help the shavings eject a little easier. Being a science teacher I don’t mind doing a little experimentation as long as it doesn’t cost me an arm and a leg.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Chris Wright's profile

Chris Wright

525 posts in 2087 days


#10 posted 525 days ago

This is awesome, I really enjoy making my own handplanes and have been looking at making a plough plane as well as a router plane. Very cool and great work.

-- "At its best, life is completely unpredictable." - Christopher Walken

View Ben's profile

Ben

273 posts in 2319 days


#11 posted 525 days ago

Thanks, i’m glad you like it. As far as a plane I used as a model, I would say I looked at the oldstreettool hand plane quite a bit, and the plane they have for sale at traditionalwoodworker.com. I especially used that site to get some basic measurements since i could scale everything off of their picture with the description they had. Those two planes were my biggest influences.

-- Do something nice for somebody

View Lumberpunk's profile

Lumberpunk

187 posts in 942 days


#12 posted 525 days ago

very nice!

View Sergio's profile

Sergio

400 posts in 1298 days


#13 posted 525 days ago

really good work. I have never used one of those, my question is how do you go to the final depth? you must do it in steps and going down with the blade on each pass, but I can´t figure out how do you do it.

-- - Greetings from Brazil - --

View Don W's profile

Don W

14676 posts in 1173 days


#14 posted 525 days ago

that’s a nice simple functional design. I really like it.

-- Master hand plane hoarder. - http://timetestedtools.com

View BTKS's profile

BTKS

1967 posts in 2070 days


#15 posted 524 days ago

WOW, another mixed media project. Keep em coming, I can’t get enough. I really enjoyed a blacksmithing book I think you’ll like. Toolmaking for Woodworking. I cannot recall the author but it was a good overview and helpful with heat treating tool steel.
Best of luck and great looking plane.

-- "Man's ingenuity has outrun his intelligence" (Joseph Wood Krutch)

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