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Homemade Drum Sander 20"

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Project by bvdon posted 942 days ago 5920 views 53 times favorited 31 comments Add to Favorites Watch

Here is a homemade 20” Drum Sander. I mounted it on top of a cabinet so it is at a comfortable height and it also allowed for two large drawers so the footprint in the shop would not be wasted space when the drum sander is not in use.

It runs very smooth and does what it’s supposed to. Today I used the dust hood for the first time and it was really efficient—glad I did that because without it I had to wear both a dust mask and a cloth tied around my face because there was so much dust kicked up (I wheel it outside when I use it).

The most difficult part of the project was making the drum. It’s really not hard but it is tedious and messy. See WoodGears.ca for info on doing that. I used my own design but borrowed ideas from others.

Total cost with everything was about $400… all American Made parts!

Specs:
- 20” drum
- 3/4” heavy duty pillow block bearings and stainless steel axel.
- Baldor CL3510 1-HP electric induction motor 1800 RPM (purchased used)
- V-BELT PULLEY, BROWNING #AK64X3/4, 6 1/4”X 3/4” BORE
- V-BELT PULLEY, #BK30X5/8, SINGLE GROOVE, 5/8” BORE

I use “3M Stickit Gold 2-3/4” Sand Paper Sheet Roll” (100 grit works well). The rolls are a bit pricey but they last a long while since it’s about 75 feet of paper. Using the circumference of the drum, I cut a diagonal line from left to right at that length to wrap the sand paper on the drum.

My primary reason for needing a drum sander was to flatten/thicken guitar body and headstock tops. I will post more on that later ;) I have also found it to be the best method for thickness sanding end grain cutting boards – far better than previous methods (see my prev projects).

Here’s a video showing the early stages of the build:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yb8pV0rfAmc

-- http://woodwork.me





31 comments so far

View Raymond's profile

Raymond

675 posts in 2360 days


#1 posted 942 days ago

Great job, that is a project that I want to build some day.

-- Ray

View DIYaholic's profile

DIYaholic

13324 posts in 1308 days


#2 posted 942 days ago

Nice job!

3/4” stainless shaft! Nice & beefy. I’ll bet there is NO flexing of the drum. Have you had a chance to “Put it Through it’s Paces”? How is the 1HP handling the task? Does it have power to spare for hard/wide stock?

Several drum sanders have shown up recently. Makes me want one, even more!

Again, Great job!

-- Randy-- I may not be good...but I am slow! If good things come to those who wait.... Why is procratination a bad thing?

View bvdon's profile

bvdon

456 posts in 1648 days


#3 posted 942 days ago

The heavy duty hardware makes a difference. It runs very smooth, no flexing of the drum, and does not shake or bog down… just an hour ago I sanded an 18”x12” 1.75 thick end grain board, smoothing out both sides. No problems. I love it!

-- http://woodwork.me

View JJohnston's profile

JJohnston

1577 posts in 1924 days


#4 posted 942 days ago

Nice. If you’re going to go the trouble to build one, might as well build a big one.

-- "Sorry I'm late. Somebody tampered with my brakes." "You should have been early, then."

View Tokolosi's profile

Tokolosi

665 posts in 988 days


#5 posted 942 days ago

Very cool. I recently obtained a 1 1/2 HP motor that I want to turn into a drum sander. Thanks for posting.

Ps. Nice guitar. Is that Ancient Kauri?

-- “There is nothing like looking, if you want to find something. You certainly usually find something, if you look, but it is not always quite the something you were after.” ~ JRR Tolkien

View a1Jim's profile

a1Jim

112016 posts in 2210 days


#6 posted 942 days ago

Wow that’s a great looking sander. I know lot’s of folks take making their own equipment ,but looks like a tough job to me.

-- http://artisticwoodstudio.com Custom furniture

View Maveric777's profile

Maveric777

2690 posts in 1710 days


#7 posted 942 days ago

Very nice!

-- Dan ~ Texarkana, Tx.

View bvdon's profile

bvdon

456 posts in 1648 days


#8 posted 942 days ago

@JJohnston – exactly. The extra cost is very minimal to make it bigger.

-- http://woodwork.me

View bvdon's profile

bvdon

456 posts in 1648 days


#9 posted 942 days ago

@Tokolosi – the top of that bass guitar is Myrtle Burl. It’s about 3/8th inch thick. The headstock is from the same stock but I had to make it considerably thinner (just under an 1/8th inch) and the only way I knew how to do that was with a drum sander…. thus, it was that tiny piece of wood that forced me to build the massive drum sander ;)

-- http://woodwork.me

View Tokolosi's profile

Tokolosi

665 posts in 988 days


#10 posted 942 days ago

It has the irridesence of Ancient Kauri. Pretty.

Another question; I have looked at a lot of home made drum sanders. All seem to use 1HP or smaller motors. I have a 1-1/2hp motor from a old table saw that I plan to use. Is that too powerfull?

-- “There is nothing like looking, if you want to find something. You certainly usually find something, if you look, but it is not always quite the something you were after.” ~ JRR Tolkien

View jayman7's profile

jayman7

212 posts in 2139 days


#11 posted 942 days ago

Nice job! How did you attach the rod to the disks so that it doesn’t slip off?

View Dave's profile

Dave

34 posts in 1648 days


#12 posted 942 days ago

What did you use as the drum material and what is the diameter of the drum?

View bvdon's profile

bvdon

456 posts in 1648 days


#13 posted 942 days ago

@Tokolosi – 1.5 HP should be fine – if not better. I know there are larger sanders with 5hp.

-- http://woodwork.me

View Roger's profile

Roger

14373 posts in 1437 days


#14 posted 942 days ago

very nicely done. I’ll bet it works like a charm. I’ve gotta build one o these in the future

-- Roger from KY. Work/Play/Travel Safe. Kentuk55@bellsouth.net

View lew's profile

lew

10002 posts in 2388 days


#15 posted 942 days ago

Sweet! I really like the cabinet!!

-- Lew- Time traveler. Purveyor of the Universe's finest custom rolling pins.

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