|Project by Wav||posted 06-15-2016 02:51 PM||1034 views||1 time favorited||8 comments|
I recently took a little trip to the Jockey Lot and bought a few old hand planes. One of those planes was an Antique Wooden Plane. The price was extremely affordable and would have been hard to turn down, even considering the condition of the old plane. The Iron was extremely pitted and the wedge wasn’t even close to being original nor fitted well to the plane.
My thought was to restore the plane into a usable tool, besides I had always wanted one of those old wooden planes. Well, after close examination, I determined that the plane would not really make a good candidate for restoration considering the condition of the main body and the pits and warped state of the iron. It was then I decided to make a reproduction of the plane.
I decided to construct the plane out of some scrap pieces of Alder left over from an earlier project. The old plane was constructed from a single block of wood; but, I decided to laminate the 3/4 Alder pieces for this project. Also after seeing some other old wooden bench planes, I decided to make mine with a single iron rather than one with a double iron, or chip breaker (cap iron).
The Iron is made from a piece of 2” A-2 and was heat treated after cutting the bevels. The A-2 is a very suitable steel to use for an Iron as it fairly easy to work before hardening and holds an edge quite well after being tempered.
I also made a Mallot to use for adjusting the plane also using Alder. Using Alder for the Mallot may not have been the best choice, as it is a very light wood.
When considering the wedge, after several experiments, I found by back cutting the end at around a 50 degree angle it helped to direct the chips through the throat of the plane and was less likely to jam or allow buildup in the throat while using the plane.
I did set the rear handle a little farther back from the Iron to allow for easier adjustment. I plan to make another plane later which be shorter than the 22 inches of this bench plane, and probably will be mad from a much heavier and durable wood. I have a few pieces of 2 1/4” High Speed Steel lying around to use for the Irons, I think it may hold an edge better as I used to use it to cut knives in a wood molding operation in years past.
This was a very worthwhile and rewarding project and not that difficult for even a novice woodworker such as myself.
-- Maddog Creations