Reproduction of 18th Century Stool

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Project by Carey Mitchell posted 05-30-2014 02:26 AM 1800 views 6 times favorited 13 comments Add to Favorites Watch

We saw the original stool in an antique shop several years ago and loved everything except the price tag. I took a few photos with a cell phone and a couple of measurements. When I started last month, the only dimension I could recall was 16” across the base. I blew up one of the photos and worked out the other dimensions based on the 16.” I changed a few details, one is the use of 1 1/2” stock for the base, which yielded a stronger piece.

This simple little stool presented a number of challenges that I had never encountered. The major one was how to create the curve in the seat. Obviously, the concave and convex sides had to be treated differently. The jig with the sled for the router solved the problem – except for calculating the radius of the arc to yield a 1” depth across a 20” span – found the formula in a little reference book, as well as by trial and error. I thought it would look better with the ends thicker than the middle, which dictated a longer radius for the curve of the bottom. I wanted it 3/8 thicker on the ends, but somehow it yielded only 1/4.” The jig is shown with both the convex and concave guides. A bowl bit was used to hog out the material. Waxing the guides made a big difference in reduced friction, making the router easy to slide, although at one point it was too easy and difficult to control.

Another challenge was how to produce the 1/4” grooves on the edges, spaced exactly 1/4” from the edges, on both the sides (easy) and the ends, with their 8 degree angle. This was complicated by having to do it in reverse for top and bottom. A plywood auxiliary base for the router, with a guide at 8 degrees, and a second base with the 8 degree guide in the opposite direction, solved the problem. Fortunately, all the grooves on the ends matched those on the sides perfectly.

I canted the base in 3 degrees at the top to help prevent racking.

The wood is cherry, stained with Transtint Brown Mahogany dye. The finish is tung oil, followed by 3 coats of sprayed lacquer, mixed 1/2 semi-gloss and 1/2 satin to get the gloss level I like.

13 comments so far

View WhattheChuck's profile


154 posts in 2604 days

#1 posted 05-30-2014 04:15 AM

Excellent! Don’t see much American Empire work done!

-- Chuck, Pullman, WA

View David White's profile

David White

120 posts in 2324 days

#2 posted 05-30-2014 05:21 AM

That is AWESOME!


View TobiasZA's profile


150 posts in 582 days

#3 posted 05-30-2014 06:36 AM

Very well executed. Congratulations, a lovely piece. Thanks for sharing


View stefang's profile


14706 posts in 2377 days

#4 posted 05-30-2014 08:17 AM

You certainly did some fine work on this and it is a beautiful, graceful piece.

-- Mike, an American living in Norway.

View oldrivers's profile


367 posts in 610 days

#5 posted 05-30-2014 11:45 AM

Very Beautiful stool, Finish and workmanship superb.

-- Soli Deo gloria!

View bbrown's profile


130 posts in 2595 days

#6 posted 05-30-2014 01:10 PM

Very nice job.

Did you spray the finish?

Being a hand tool guy, it’s interesting to see how folks tackle new challenges. I would not have even thought of a router for the seat, but would have knocked it out with hand planes and a chisel. Perhaps some band sawn cuts prior to hogging out the curve waste. I used to make windsor chairs and scooping out a faired curve chair seat is remarkably fast using scorp, inshave, compass planes.

It’s a beautiful piece. Thanks for sharing.

-- Forest, Virginia ; Micah 6:8

View hotncold's profile


751 posts in 588 days

#7 posted 05-30-2014 02:38 PM

Awesome craftsmanship!

-- Dennie - Tennessee

View Julian's profile


721 posts in 1734 days

#8 posted 05-30-2014 02:43 PM

You did a great job making this stool. Adding to my favorites and to my list of project to make in the future.

-- Julian

View HillbillyShooter's profile


5489 posts in 1335 days

#9 posted 05-30-2014 02:56 PM

Very nicely crafted.

-- John C. -- "Firearms are second only to the Constitution in importance; they are the peoples' liberty's teeth." George Washington

View helluvawreck's profile


18827 posts in 1910 days

#10 posted 05-30-2014 03:08 PM

This is a beautiful piece and has a lot of character.

helluvawreck aka Charles

-- If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away. Henry David Thoreau

View Scott R. Turner's profile

Scott R. Turner

265 posts in 2232 days

#11 posted 05-30-2014 08:41 PM

Beautiful piece! I’d echo Bbrown’s comments; I’d think I could hand shape the seat faster and easier than making a jig, but it’s always interesting to see how others approach the work. I’d like to see a few better photos of the piece with the fabric top, though!

View Mean_Dean's profile


2884 posts in 2190 days

#12 posted 05-31-2014 12:23 AM

Beautiful looking stool! Looks like it’ll make a fine addition to your home!

-- Dean

View tinnman65's profile


1239 posts in 2457 days

#13 posted 05-31-2014 01:54 AM

Beautiful work, and now you can spend all that money you saved on tools!

-- Paul--- Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep. — Scott Adams

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