I’m very excited about this new word I’ve stumbled upon. This is an actual, in-use word combining xylo- from the Greek xulo- from xulon, – wood – and the Latin -arium (genitive -āriī), second declension – a place where things are kept from other things, or a place associated with a specific thing. In other words, a xylarium would be a place in which wood is stored. It seems to apply best to vault-like collections.
Here's a short, interesting article (with photo) on the xylarium of the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan, which claims they have over 23,000 samples from 8,000 species, which are available to scientific institutions, and have been used as a reference in high profile murder cases. They have the capability of identifying the woods they know from a 1mm sliver, great for figuring out wood species from ancient, priceless artifacts.
I also found a page on NCSU's site that mentions Tsukuba’s xylarium of Japanese woods, and also mentions the Tervuren Xylarium, Laboratory for Wood Biology, Royal Museum of Central Africa, Belgium, which specializes in African woods and has a collection of 48,114 specimens representing 16,245 species. I would love to see these some day. And to think that the IWCS says there are over 100,000 species of trees the world over. Amazing how so much work by field agents and donations by private collectors still yields species counts an order of magnitude below “what’s out there.”
At any rate, I think we all know what I shall be calling these things for the forseeable future…
TO THE XYLARIUM!!!
-- Gary, Los Angeles, video game animator