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dw- Plane notes from the field #2: Brands other than Stanley Bailey and some information I have found.

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Blog entry by Don W posted 1119 days ago 6869 reads 10 times favorited 8 comments Add to Favorites Watch
« Part 1: dw's plane notes - General Part 2 of dw- Plane notes from the field series Part 3: dw's Plane Resource sites »

These are in no particular order, just as I’ve entered then. This is what I believe to be my opinion in most cases, but often taken from some other source. Use the information as such.

Miller Falls – One of my favorite – equal with Stanley.
http://oldtoolheaven.com/

Record

Ritter (NH)

Buck Bros. (sold by Home Depot)

Capewell (logo may be from Capewell Horse Nail Company (1904)) (Hartford CT) about 1950’s.

The Consolidated Tool Works is recorded as having done business in New York City from 1890 into the 1920s. Their mark featured a ships’ helm wheel, and is quite distinctive. They also used the brand name, “Simplex.” Consolidated sold a number of tools including machinist’s tools, drills, iron planes and braces.

Edgerite was a line of tools sold by Eaton’s Department Store in Canada. Eaton’s Department store was founded in 1884 and was the first company in Canada to offer a mail order catalogue. Their catalogues can be found on line and are similar to the early Sears Roebuck catalogues, of the same era, in their offerings. Just as Sears were to the U.S., Eaton’s were the primary retailer to thousands of small towns in Canada in the late 1800’s and into the mid-1940’s when they employed over 40,000 people.

Eaton’s was eventually bought by Sears Roebuck in the 1970’s. Just like Sears, Eaton’s didn’t manufacture tools, they contracted with other companies to make them with their store logo. My sources indicate that Sargent Tool Co. made the planes for Eaton’s. The cutter is usually marked “EDGERITE” with an anvil logo beneath the name.

Sears Craftsman Fulton (Sold by Sears) Cheaper line of Fulton, Dunlap, Craftsman lines sold by sears. Dunlap(Sold by Sears) Cheaper line of Fulton, Dunlap, Craftsman lines sold by sears
Sears started selling Fulton tools about 1908. I believe the early Fulton’s are marked Fulton Tool Co and are just Rebranded Sargent. In 1927 Sears came out with their Craftsman line. At that point the Fulton line was changed to just Fulton and was made a lesser quality tool line, at least when it comes to hand planes.

Shelton – Shelton made planes from 1932 – 1954. In 1950 they went to a stanley clone design. Example of a Shelton #9 and a post stanley #4 and some history

Ohio Tool – (See my Ohio Tool Blog) The Ohio Tool Company was relatively large manufacturer of both wooden and cast iron planes. They were founded in Columbus Ohio in 1851 by Peter Hayden, of P. Hayden & Co. in 1893 the company merged with the Auburn Tool Company of New York, themselves a frequent employer of prison labor. In 1913 the Ohio factory was destroyed by a flood. A new factory was opened in Charleston, WV the following year. The company ceased business in 1920. (Resource http://www.mvr1.com/Ohiowoodenplanes.html )
(http://www.davistownmuseum.org/bioAuburn.html)

New York Tool Works New York Tool Company was a name used by the Auburn Tool Company of Auburn, NY. This name was used from 1864 to 1893. They (Auburn) used several different stamps on their planes. Carefully check the ‘o’ in Co. If it is the same height as the rest of the letters, it is an earlier example. If the ‘o’ is rasise so its top lines up with the top of the other letters it is a late production stamp. If there is an underline under the ‘o’, it is the last stamp that they used during their production years.
(http://www.davistownmuseum.org/bioAuburn.html)

http://www.woodworkingtalk.com/f11/plane-restore-round-3-a-47883/
http://lumberjocks.com/topics/41199#reply-579460

Union – Union Mfg. Co. New Britain, Connecticut. 1880-1919. Some believe these are better than Stanley
http://www.brasscityrecords.com/toolworks/FEATURE/union%20frog%20design/union_frog.htm
Union Planes are on par with Bailey but, the “X pattern” Unions, with their double adjusting nuts are perhaps a bit superior. Other history from Brasscity.
In 1957, Millers Falls acquired the Union Tool Company (reference http://oldtoolheaven.com/history/history11.htm)

Anants http://www.anant-tools.com/iron_bodies_bench_planes.html

Groz
http://www.groz-tools.com/

Kunz – Manufactured in Germany
http://www.woodcraft.com/Search2/Search.aspx?query=kunz
http://www.traditionalwoodworker.com/Bench-Planes-by-Kunz/products/480/

Montgomery Wards. Wards Master Lakeside – Lakeside planes were cheaper Stanley-made (mostly) planes that were made for Montgomery Ward and, as such, they’re not really worth a lot of money. Montgomery Ward never made their own tools but instead used other makers tools which were then rebranded. The fit and finish isn’t quite as good with say a normal Stanley or Sargent plane, and the handle and knob are usually stained beech or another hardwood, rather than rosewood. With some fettling though you can end up with a decent enough worker plane.

Diamond Edge – Diamond Edge was a brand name used by the Shapliegh Hardware Co. Many were made by Sargent but other manufacturers may have made them as well. The easiest way is determine a plane’s maker is to remove the frog and look at the way the frog mates to the plane.
The correct lever cap could have been plain or it could have had an embossed diamond with DE inside it depending on the age. Several Diamond Edge planes I have seen had a hard rubber (maybe gutta percha) tote.
http://www.thckk.org/history/shapleigh-history.pdf
http://www.maineantiquedigest.com/articles_archive/articles/dec06/simmons1206.htm

Sargent Planes – There are a couple of things to look out for with the autosets (the 7 series of planes from Sargent) Firstly they are great planes and work extremely well. Always check the blades for pitting as replacements are quite hard to find. Also take off the levercap – which also doubles as the cap-iron – and use the depth adjuster to wind the blade fully down as far as it will go through the mouth. When it stops, you will have a good idea of how much usable blade there is left. Without doing this you can be deceived into thinking that there is usable blade left when actually it is finished. There is still meat left below the depth adjuster hole in the blade even when the blade is all used up. On the 718 and 722, the front knob is adjustable forward and aft as well as from side to side. There is a cross shaped slot in the domed mount for the knob, and the knob has a concave bottom. Believed to be a good plane and well worth owning.

These planes can vary wildly in value.
David Heckel has a value guide for Sargent planes and he values the 722 at between $150 and $400 depending on condition, and if it is a corrugated version it will be worth more than a flat bottomed plane. I have always found that they can sell in a range below that.
Bob Kaune has a website with Sargent planes for sale including Autosets.
Sargent Tools – Bob Kaune – Antique & Used Tools
http://lumberjocks.com/topics/47190#reply-602276
http://timetestedtools.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/sargent-planes-by-the-numberwith-pictures/

Keen Kutter – “Keen Kutter Planes marked with a single letter and then the # size are actually early style Bedrock planes made for them under contract by Stanley. They are of the same high quality and in general much harder to find. These planes date from near the turn of the century to about the teens. Keen Kutter KK series planes were made for them by a few different makers including Ohio Tool Co, and Sargent. Over the years Simmons switched back and forth using different manufacturers at different periods, I suppose because the bid for those years was more attractive. Sargent and later Ohio made the later versions with the Mahogany handles and 4 digit # or the no number varieties to identify the plane.”

Other lines of Stanley (cheaper lines)
Handyman
Two tone
Four Square
Defiance

Solar Mfg Co. I bought one of these but can not find much information. The story is they were made in Worcester MA up to the 70’s.

Tecomaster

Victor Summer 1875 – Leonard Bailey begins development of the ‘Victor’ plane line to compete with the Stanley/Bailey planes still in production by Stanley. Fighting between Bailey and the Stanley Co. over patent infringement is bitter, Stanley makes every attempt to stop Bailey from producing the VICTOR line of tools.
Reference:http://www.antiquetools.co.uk/articles/stanley2.htm

And from Gore , ”Stanley produced a very short-lived frog design during the early 1870’s (pictured in the image to the left). This design has a frog that is about 1/2 the length of the normal frog, and is nearly identical to the design that Leonard Bailey was producing when he got pissed off at Stanley and decided to come up with a new line of bench planes, his Victor line.”

Victory. I can’t find much information I Victory, and I’m not even sure they actually made/sold a hand plane, maybe just a replacement iron?

Vaughan & Bushnell Short history.
There are 3 series of V&B planes, the 700, 800 and 900 series. The 700 & 900 series had forged steel bodies and were advertised as being unbreakable. The 800 series are cast iron. All the V&B planes had the bedrock frog design. They are numbered like the Stanley planes but just in the hundreds.. So a V&B 903 would be same as a Stanley #3, a 807 would be a #7 size. The 900 series planes had the flat top sides just like the later Bedrocks and these were considered their premium series.

Marsh

-- Master hand plane hoarder. - http://timetestedtools.com



8 comments so far

View Bertha's profile

Bertha

12951 posts in 1288 days


#1 posted 1119 days ago

Thanks for this, DW. I have an interest in Sargents but like you mention, the prices are all over the place.

-- My dad and I built a 65 chev pick up.I killed trannys in that thing for some reason-Hog

View Dan's profile

Dan

3543 posts in 1475 days


#2 posted 1119 days ago

I would like to get some Miller Falls planes, I have seen a few on ebay lately sell for a decent amount.

I have two or three Wards planes and the ones I have all had Rosewood handles. Mine are identical to the Stanley Bailey planes with the only difference being the Lever Cap. My Wards Master planes have a plated lever cap. I restored one and the others were used for parts.

I also have some older Craftsman planes and IMO they are right on par with the Bailey planes. They are the same design they just don’t look as nice.

-- Dan - "Collector of Hand Planes"

View Don W's profile

Don W

14574 posts in 1162 days


#3 posted 1119 days ago

I bought my first #6 size was a Millers Falls #18. I love it but since then the prices have been outrageous.

-- Master hand plane hoarder. - http://timetestedtools.com

View RGtools's profile

RGtools

3299 posts in 1249 days


#4 posted 1115 days ago

Great list. I am so glad you mentioned Auburn tool co.

-- Make furniture that lasts as long as the tree - Ryan

View Brad's profile

Brad

806 posts in 1335 days


#5 posted 522 days ago

I hadn’t come across this post before Don. The theme is excellent, notes from the field. And given the decided lack of information, or difficulty finding it, on planes other than Stanley, I appreciate you taking the time to put this list together. I hope that during the cold, snowy evenings, you’re able to add content and links to it as you come across new material.

-- "People's lives are their own rewards or punishments."

View Don W's profile

Don W

14574 posts in 1162 days


#6 posted 522 days ago

Thanks Brad

-- Master hand plane hoarder. - http://timetestedtools.com

View waho6o9's profile

waho6o9

4744 posts in 1172 days


#7 posted 522 days ago

Thanks for taking the time to post all the info DonW.

A definite favorite. U da man.

Your efforts are appreciated.

View poopiekat's profile

poopiekat

3548 posts in 2329 days


#8 posted 522 days ago

DonW: you encouraged me to go buy a “Ritter” block plane… and I’m glad I did:

I can’t resist the oddball manufacturers, like ‘Este’, Rapier, National, Brillant, Franklin, Rae, Falcon-Pope, Woden, and more recently, ‘Jordan’. I’ve got at least one of each of these makers, and probably a few others that haven’t made it to my checklist yet. Thanks for a great blog, Don!!

-- Einstein: "The intuitive mind is a sacred gift, and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift." I'm Poopiekat!!

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