These are in no particular order, just as I’ve entered then. This is what I believe to be my opinion in most cases, but often taken from some other source. Use the information as such.
Miller Falls – One of my favorite – equal with Stanley.
Buck Bros. (sold by Home Depot)
Capewell (logo may be from Capewell Horse Nail Company (1904)) (Hartford CT) about 1950’s.
The Consolidated Tool Works is recorded as having done business in New York City from 1890 into the 1920s. Their mark featured a ships’ helm wheel, and is quite distinctive. They also used the brand name, “Simplex.” Consolidated sold a number of tools including machinist’s tools, drills, iron planes and braces.
Edgerite was a line of tools sold by Eaton’s Department Store in Canada. Eaton’s Department store was founded in 1884 and was the first company in Canada to offer a mail order catalogue. Their catalogues can be found on line and are similar to the early Sears Roebuck catalogues, of the same era, in their offerings. Just as Sears were to the U.S., Eaton’s were the primary retailer to thousands of small towns in Canada in the late 1800’s and into the mid-1940’s when they employed over 40,000 people.
Eaton’s was eventually bought by Sears Roebuck in the 1970’s. Just like Sears, Eaton’s didn’t manufacture tools, they contracted with other companies to make them with their store logo. My sources indicate that Sargent Tool Co. made the planes for Eaton’s. The cutter is usually marked “EDGERITE” with an anvil logo beneath the name.
Fulton (Sold by Sears) Cheaper line of Fulton, Dunlap, Craftsman lines sold by sears.
Dunlap(Sold by Sears) Cheaper line of Fulton, Dunlap, Craftsman lines sold by sears
Sears started selling Fulton tools about 1908. I believe the early Fulton’s are marked Fulton Tool Co and are just Rebranded Sargent. In 1927 Sears came out with their Craftsman line. At that point the Fulton line was changed to just Fulton and was made a lesser quality tool line, at least when it comes to hand planes.
Ohio Tool – (See my Ohio Tool Blog) The Ohio Tool Company was relatively large manufacturer of both wooden and cast iron planes. They were founded in Columbus Ohio in 1851 by Peter Hayden, of P. Hayden & Co. in 1893 the company merged with the Auburn Tool Company of New York, themselves a frequent employer of prison labor. In 1913 the Ohio factory was destroyed by a flood. A new factory was opened in Charleston, WV the following year. The company ceased business in 1920. (Resource http://www.mvr1.com/Ohiowoodenplanes.html )
New York Tool Works New York Tool Company was a name used by the Auburn Tool Company of Auburn, NY. This name was used from 1864 to 1893. They (Auburn) used several different stamps on their planes. Carefully check the ‘o’ in Co. If it is the same height as the rest of the letters, it is an earlier example. If the ‘o’ is rasise so its top lines up with the top of the other letters it is a late production stamp. If there is an underline under the ‘o’, it is the last stamp that they used during their production years.
Union – Union Mfg. Co. New Britain, Connecticut. 1880-1919. Some believe these are better than Stanley
Union Planes are on par with Bailey but, the “X pattern” Unions, with their double adjusting nuts are perhaps a bit superior. Other history from Brasscity.
In 1957, Millers Falls acquired the Union Tool Company (reference http://oldtoolheaven.com/history/history11.htm)
Montgomery Wards. Wards Master Lakeside – Lakeside planes were cheaper Stanley-made (mostly) planes that were made for Montgomery Ward and, as such, they’re not really worth a lot of money. Montgomery Ward never made their own tools but instead used other makers tools which were then rebranded. The fit and finish isn’t quite as good with say a normal Stanley or Sargent plane, and the handle and knob are usually stained beech or another hardwood, rather than rosewood. With some fettling though you can end up with a decent enough worker plane.
Diamond Edge – Diamond Edge was a brand name used by the Shapliegh Hardware Co. Many were made by Sargent but other manufacturers may have made them as well. The easiest way is determine a plane’s maker is to remove the frog and look at the way the frog mates to the plane.
The correct lever cap could have been plain or it could have had an embossed diamond with DE inside it depending on the age. Several Diamond Edge planes I have seen had a hard rubber (maybe gutta percha) tote.
Sargent Planes – There are a couple of things to look out for with the autosets (the 7 series of planes from Sargent) Firstly they are great planes and work extremely well. Always check the blades for pitting as replacements are quite hard to find. Also take off the levercap – which also doubles as the cap-iron – and use the depth adjuster to wind the blade fully down as far as it will go through the mouth. When it stops, you will have a good idea of how much usable blade there is left. Without doing this you can be deceived into thinking that there is usable blade left when actually it is finished. There is still meat left below the depth adjuster hole in the blade even when the blade is all used up. On the 718 and 722, the front knob is adjustable forward and aft as well as from side to side. There is a cross shaped slot in the domed mount for the knob, and the knob has a concave bottom. Believed to be a good plane and well worth owning.
These planes can vary wildly in value.
David Heckel has a value guide for Sargent planes and he values the 722 at between $150 and $400 depending on condition, and if it is a corrugated version it will be worth more than a flat bottomed plane. I have always found that they can sell in a range below that.
Bob Kaune has a website with Sargent planes for sale including Autosets.
Sargent Tools – Bob Kaune – Antique & Used Tools
Keen Kutter – “Keen Kutter Planes marked with a single letter and then the # size are actually early style Bedrock planes made for them under contract by Stanley. They are of the same high quality and in general much harder to find. These planes date from near the turn of the century to about the teens. Keen Kutter KK series planes were made for them by a few different makers including Ohio Tool Co, and Sargent. Over the years Simmons switched back and forth using different manufacturers at different periods, I suppose because the bid for those years was more attractive. Sargent and later Ohio made the later versions with the Mahogany handles and 4 digit # or the no number varieties to identify the plane.”
Other lines of Stanley (cheaper lines)
Solar Mfg Co. I bought one of these but can not find much information. The story is they were made in Worcester MA up to the 70’s.
Victor Summer 1875 – Leonard Bailey begins development of the ‘Victor’ plane line to compete with the Stanley/Bailey planes still in production by Stanley. Fighting between Bailey and the Stanley Co. over patent infringement is bitter, Stanley makes every attempt to stop Bailey from producing the VICTOR line of tools.
And from Gore , ”Stanley produced a very short-lived frog design during the early 1870’s (pictured in the image to the left). This design has a frog that is about 1/2 the length of the normal frog, and is nearly identical to the design that Leonard Bailey was producing when he got pissed off at Stanley and decided to come up with a new line of bench planes, his Victor line.”
Victory. I can’t find much information I Victory, and I’m not even sure they actually made/sold a hand plane, maybe just a replacement iron?
Vaughan & Bushnell Short history.
There are 3 series of V&B planes, the 700, 800 and 900 series. The 700 & 900 series had forged steel bodies and were advertised as being unbreakable. The 800 series are cast iron. All the V&B planes had the bedrock frog design. They are numbered like the Stanley planes but just in the hundreds.. So a V&B 903 would be same as a Stanley #3, a 807 would be a #7 size. The 900 series planes had the flat top sides just like the later Bedrocks and these were considered their premium series.
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