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Prevailing Medication for Alcoholism
Treatment methods for alcohol dependence can begin only when the alcoholic admits that the problem exists and agrees to stop alcohol consumption. She or he must recognize that alcohol dependence is treatable and must be driven to change. Treatment has three phases:

Detoxification (detoxification): This may be required as soon as possible after ceasing alcohol consumption and can be a medical emergency, considering that detoxing might cause withdrawal seizures, hallucinations, delirium tremens (DT), and in some cases may lead to death.
Rehabilitation: This includes counseling and medications to supply the recovering alcoholic the skills needed for sustaining sobriety. This step in treatment may be conducted inpatient or outpatient. Both are just as beneficial.
Maintenance of sobriety: This phase's success necessitates the alcoholic to be self-driven. The secret to abstinence is support, which commonly consists of routine Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings and getting a sponsor.
For an individual in an early phase of alcoholism, ceasing alcohol use may result in some withdrawal symptoms, including anxiety and poor sleep. If not remedied appropriately, people with DTs have a mortality rate of over 10 %, so detoxification from late-stage alcohol addiction should be attempted under the care of an experienced medical doctor and may necessitate a brief inpatient stay at a hospital or treatment center.

Treatment methods might include several pharmaceuticals. Benzodiazepines are anti-anxiety drugs used to treat withdrawal symptoms like anxiety and disrupted sleep and to protect against seizures and delirium. These are one of the most frequently used medications during the course of the detox phase, at which time they are generally tapered and then stopped. They have to be used with care, given that they may be addictive.

There are several medicines used to aid individuals in rehabilitation from alcoholism sustain abstinence and sobriety. One drug, disulfiram might be used once the detox phase is complete and the individual is abstinent. It disrupts alcohol metabolism so that consuming alcohol a small quantity is going to trigger queasiness, retching, blurred vision, confusion, and breathing difficulty. This medicine is most appropriate for alcoholic s that are extremely driven to quit consuming alcohol or whose medication use is supervised, since the drug does not influence the compulsion to consume alcohol.
Yet another medication, naltrexone, reduces the craving for alcohol. Naltrexone may be offered whether or not the person is still consuming alcohol; however, just like all pharmaceuticals used to address alcohol addiction, it is advised as part of a comprehensive program that teaches clients new coping skills. It is now offered as a long-acting injection that can be given on a regular monthly basis.
Acamprosate is yet another medication that has been FDA-approved to reduce alcohol yearning.

Lastly, research suggests that the anti-seizure medications topiramate and gabapentin may be valuable in reducing yearning or stress and anxiety throughout recovery from drinking, although neither one of these pharmaceuticals is FDA-approved for the treatment of alcohol dependence.

Anti-anxietymedicationsor Anti-depressants drugs may be administered to manage any underlying or resulting stress and anxiety or melancholy, but since those syndromes might cease to exist with abstinence, the medicines are normally not started until after detox is finished and there has been some time of abstinence.
The goal of rehabilitation is overall abstinence since an alcoholic remains vulnerable to relapsing and possibly becoming dependent again. Rehabilitation usually follows a broad-based strategy, which may consist of education programs, group treatment, family members participation, and involvement in self-help groups. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is one of the most renowneded of the self-help groups, but other methods have also proven to be successful.

Nutrition and Diet for Alcoholism

Substandard health and nutrition goes along with hard drinking and alcoholism: Because an ounce of ethyl alcohol (the kind we drink) has over 200 calories but no nutritionary value, ingesting big quantities of alcohol tells the human body that it doesn't need additional nourishment. Alcoholics are typically deficient in vitamins A, B complex, and C; folic acid; carnitine; selenium, magnesium, and zinc, in addition to vital fatty acids and antioxidants. Restoring such nutrients-- by offering thiamine (vitamin B-1) and a multivitamin-- can help rehabilitation and are a vital part of all detox regimens.

At-Home Treatments for Alcoholism

Abstinence is one of the most important-- and most likely the most difficult-- steps to recovery from alcohol addiction. To learn how to live without alcohol, you must:

Avoid people and locations that make drinking the norm, and discover new, non- drinking friends.
Participate in a self-help group.
Employ the help of family and friends.
Replace your negative reliance on alcohol with positive reliances such as a brand-new hobby or volunteer work with religious or civic groups.
Start exercising. Exercise releases substances in the brain that supply a "all-natural high." Even a walk after dinner can be soothing.

Treatment options for alcoholism can start only when the alcoholic accepts that the issue exists and agrees to stop consuming alcohol. For a person in an early phase of alcohol dependence, stopping alcohol use may result in some withdrawal manifestations, including anxiety and disturbed sleep. If not treated professionally, individuals with DTs have a death rate of over 10 %, so detoxing from late-stage alcohol dependence ought to be tried under the care of a skilled physician and might require a brief inpatient stay at a medical facility or treatment center.

There are a number of medicines used to help people in recovery from alcohol dependence sustain abstinence and sobriety. Poor health and nutrition goes with heavy drinking and alcohol dependence: Because an ounce of alcohol has more than 200 calories but no nutritionary value, ingesting big quantities of alcohol tells the body that it doesn't require additional food.

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