What are the differences between stains and dyes? Very simply put: With stains, the pigment tends to remain on the surface of the wood and lodge in the pores, while dyes penetrate deeply and color the wood from within. Dyes Dyes are colorants that are usually mixed in a carrier vehicle (solvents) such as mineral spirits, water or alcohol. The dyes used in woodworking are characterized as transparent, as they bring about color changes in wood without obscuring the figure. The molecula...
Wash Coat #2: Waterborne Finish Coatings As previously mentioned in Preventing Blotching Using A Wash Coat #1, most any standard finish can be used as a wash coat. These are Lacquer (both waterborne and solvent type/nitrocellulose), polyurethane (both waterborne and oil based), Oil-based Varnish, and Shellac. The above being said, lets talk Waterbourne. It really makes no difference which you use waterborne lacquer, waterborne shellac or waterborne polyurethane since they all are simply...
Wash Coat #1: Finishing with Wash Coats I am starting to put together an article covering finishing and this will be part of the coverage but not just limited to preventing blotching as a wash coat will aid in a more consistent staining color. This will be updated as my thoughts are organized. This is only a small portion: A wash coat is a coat of thinned finish that’s applied to bare wood to partially seal the surface before a stain is applied. It reduces the amount of stain from so...
After using the template to route out the fingers it was now time to put on the 1/8” roundover. For me it was a lot easier to use the router table for this step. The edges of the fingers also needed to be rounded over. This could have been done with a rasp or small sanding block but I decided to just stand the board up on end on the router table and do it there. Even the longer 41” or so sides weren’t difficult to hold during this operation. Next came plenty of...
One of the aspect’s of Marc Spagnuolo’s guild videos that I like is his discussions of board selection for projects. He always gives a good discussion regarding choosing boards of similar colour and the important consideration of grain direction and appearance. In his blanket chest he made the effort to have a three-side grain match. After seeing his completed chest as well as various pictures of Darrell’s chests I decided this wasn’t really that noticeable. Thus I did...
Before starting this project, I want to ensure that I am fully prepared.-am I familiar with all the different techniques to build the chest?-what lumber do I need – which rough thicknesses and approximate number of board feet?-what tools do I need? As both a blanket chest and a piece of Greene and Greene furniture there are a variety of familiar and new woodworking techniques. These include:-creating large panels by glueing up multiple boards-creating a template for the finger joints...
Before starting this project, I wanted to ensure that I fully understood the plans and all the work required. In terms of fully understanding the plans this involved reading and re-reading the article by Darrell Peart in FWW several times. I wanted to ensure I was intimately familiar with all the components, their details, how to make them and how to put them together. As I looked over the plans and went over each part in my mind I realized there were a couple of parts of the plans and ins...
Art Nouveau Coffee Table Clay Model of the Base 1/4” Scale Before starting to carve this large coffee table base I needed to see the design in my head, to work out the design and size for wood glue up and mortis and tenon location. The top size is 78” x 60” elliptical shaped that sets into the customers cigar room. To shape this design into clay was much harder than I thought it would be. It took approximately 40 hours and was a little stressful for the first two da...
Every once and a while as a craftsman, a job will find you which will give you new life and inspiration. Also bringing out the best of your abilities as a craftsman. It isn’t easy finding someone that likes you own individual style as a furniture maker where you can build pieces that you have only dreamed of building someday for someone. It has been kind of a slow year and I never dreamed that this one person would just walk in my business and request pieces of such intricate detail ...
I decided that it was time to make something for me, and what better than a new Workbench, I have been making do, with the bench I made when living in an apartment, and had a micro workshop in a spare bedroom, now it was time for a man size bench. The pile of mahogany to the left of the saw horse leg is my bench (that on the right is still the Kiosko / Gazebo roof!) this arrived on the 19th. I then sorted the timber and cut the parts The planks on the left are the top at 2.5...
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