Wood prep before finishing The secret to perfect finish is proper sanding of your project. All surfaces should be clean and free from all dirt and oils. Prep sanding is done with progressively finer grits. On unfinished wood, prepare the surface by using medium grit paper first, and then progress to finer grades. With most raw woods, if you are hand sanding, start sanding in the direction of the grain using a #100-150 grit paper before staining and work up to #220 grit paper. You can make ...
A False Start When I went to the lumber store to buy the 5/4 wood for the top and base I made the mistake of not bringing the plans or dimensions. I ended up making my best guess. When I got home and laid everything out I realized that had bought only enough that I had no margin for error. The base is 3” high and I had so little wood that I needed to be able to get all four parts of the base from a single board. My widest board was only about 6 1/4” wide. I hoped that after ...
Here is the first half case of the base for one of the cabinet/bookshelves… And a little while later, along came another… Seeing as how I haven’t totally screwed the entire project yet, I tried to get faceframes on the cases… Well, so far so good… now we need to make the top. That should tax my limited skill set!! (pictures when the top is done)
So after many years of promising the good woman I would build her some cabinet/bookshelves, I have finally begun that daunting task. I have never tackled a furniture project before, but having spent many years making custom presentation case for firearms, I thought I’d give it a try. Here is a Stetchup drawing of kinda what I’m trying to achieve. The drawing lacks the doors that will be on the bottom cabinets and any molding trim top and bottom. But hopefully it will give yo...
What are the differences between stains and dyes? Very simply put: With stains, the pigment tends to remain on the surface of the wood and lodge in the pores, while dyes penetrate deeply and color the wood from within. Dyes Dyes are colorants that are usually mixed in a carrier vehicle (solvents) such as mineral spirits, water or alcohol. The dyes used in woodworking are characterized as transparent, as they bring about color changes in wood without obscuring the figure. The molecul...
As previously mentioned in Preventing Blotching Using A Wash Coat #1, most any standard finish can be used as a wash coat. These are Lacquer (both waterborne and solvent type/nitrocellulose), polyurethane (both waterborne and oil based), Oil-based Varnish, and Shellac. The above being said, lets talk Waterbourne. It really makes no difference which you use waterborne lacquer, waterborne shellac or waterborne polyurethane since they all are simply water-borne acrylics—none are really lacque...
I am starting to put together an article covering finishing and this will be part of the coverage but not just limited to preventing blotching as a wash coat will aid in a more consistent staining color. This will be updated as my thoughts are organized. This is only a small portion: A wash coat is a coat of thinned finish that’s applied to bare wood to partially seal the surface before a stain is applied. It reduces the amount of stain from soaking into the wood and causing blotching. ...
After using the template to route out the fingers it was now time to put on the 1/8” roundover. For me it was a lot easier to use the router table for this step. The edges of the fingers also needed to be rounded over. This could have been done with a rasp or small sanding block but I decided to just stand the board up on end on the router table and do it there. Even the longer 41” or so sides weren’t difficult to hold during this operation. Next came plenty of...
One of the aspect’s of Marc Spagnuolo’s guild videos that I like is his discussions of board selection for projects. He always gives a good discussion regarding choosing boards of similar colour and the important consideration of grain direction and appearance. In his blanket chest he made the effort to have a three-side grain match. After seeing his completed chest as well as various pictures of Darrell’s chests I decided this wasn’t really that noticeable. Thus I did...
Before starting this project, I want to ensure that I am fully prepared.-am I familiar with all the different techniques to build the chest?-what lumber do I need – which rough thicknesses and approximate number of board feet?-what tools do I need? As both a blanket chest and a piece of Greene and Greene furniture there are a variety of familiar and new woodworking techniques. These include:-creating large panels by glueing up multiple boards-creating a template for the finger joints...
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