First Handplane.A very common question – “What planes do I start with?” – and a plethora of opinion out there to answer it! So, I thought I’d throw mine out there as well. It’s possible you are at the stage I was when I started – I didn’t know brands, sizes, types, uses – basically zip. I spent months researching – in part because I like to research and understand something I’m interested in, and because there is a lot of information and opinion about handplanes and what the...
The lever cap, chip breaker, blade, frog, and main casting all need to be held together well to act more or less as a single mass. Major sources of chatter are the frog not seated to the bed well, and the blade not seated on the frog well:.. • The blade needs to seat flat against the lower 1/3rd of the frog. • The frog needs to seat well into the main bed. • The chip breaker needs to seat well to the blade. • The lever cap needs to seat well to the top of the chip breaker..Frog.It is not ...
Cap iron or chip breaker, blade or iron – Some folks write treatises about which term is “correct”. I use the one that comes to mind, they mean the same thing. Chip Breaker Function The chip breaker adds mass to the blade and adds stiffness to the blade, and with the lever cap pushing down, seats breaker & blade flat on the frog, creating more blade stiffness (cap iron). A very important, but lesser known, function of the chip breaker is to create a force down the chip fibers as the...
Why Sole Flatness?Convex (bulging out) and concave (hollowed out) soles will cause uneven cut depths and skipping and chattering. For a convex shape, the plane rocks front to back and/or side to side. A concave shape will cause heavier cuts at the start and end of a surface, and possibly no cut in the middle. Different amounts of downward hand pressure can affect each stroke causing more confusion. Even with a very flat sole varying downward pressure will affect the cut. Reduce the variables ...
I have been fortunate enough to assemble and use an array of handplanes – Stanley Bailey bench, block, and specific use planes, oriental woodies of various sizes, Lee Valley Veritas bevel up and scraper planes, and some other assorted types. It took a while, as in 4-5 years of using, fettling, trying various methods of things and different plane designs to form up some conclusions from my experiences. I thought I would pass along these experiences, primarily with the lesser experienced in min...
Finally got the bench to the point where it’s time to flatten the top and finish it. Going into the project almost a year ago, I made a promise to myself that I would flatten the top by hand. I’ve seen the fancy router sled used by the Woodwhisperer (among others), but that’s not how I wanted to go (besides the fact that I don’t want to put down $50 on a wide-pass router bit). The top wasn’t too far out of flat, globally. However, there were lots of...
For my Introduction to Woodworking class, we have a “final project” that we choose ourselves. Given that I’m learning to use hand tools, I’ve decided to make a handplane cabinet. In my latest blog entry, I show how I use Google (now Trimble) SketchUp to create the design and the use of layers and scenes to showcase the various parts of the design without duplicating any portion. This was based on information that I learned from Bob Lang in his article from Popular Woodworking. T...
One of the more interesting styles of wooden plane is the razee plane. The razee is likely named after a ship which has been razed – cut down to reduce the number of decks. Likewise, a razee plane has the rear portion of its body lowered such that the handle sits at a lower angle. What is a razee plane ?
I’ve been on a tool making kick lately and I took it to the next step and made my first hand plane. Not only did i make a plane, but I made my own iron as well from an old saw blade. The dimensions are 2.5”hx8”Lx2.75”W. I made it from poplar and walnut. Thanks for looking. Comments are appreciated and please subscribe to my YouTube Channel. Check out the video HERE.
Another tool is moving into the toolbox and taking up residence. This one is a Union 42 tongue and groove plane. It was purchased to go with a Union 41 Tongue and Groove Plane I got a while back. These are functionally the same as Stanley 48 and 49 T&G planes. The Union 42 is the equivalent of the Stanley 49 and appears to be much less common that the Union 41. The Union 42 is designed to cut tongues and grooves in stock 3/8” to 3/4” thick, and centers its groove on stock...
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