Cap iron or chip breaker, blade or iron – Some folks write treatises about which term is “correct”. I use the one that comes to mind, they mean the same thing. Chip Breaker Function The chip breaker adds mass to the blade and adds stiffness to the blade, and with the lever cap pushing down, seats breaker & blade flat on the frog, creating more blade stiffness (cap iron). A very important, but lesser known, function of the chip breaker is to create a force down the chip fibers as the...
Why Sole Flatness?Convex (bulging out) and concave (hollowed out) soles will cause uneven cut depths and skipping and chattering. For a convex shape, the plane rocks front to back and/or side to side. A concave shape will cause heavier cuts at the start and end of a surface, and possibly no cut in the middle. Different amounts of downward hand pressure can affect each stroke causing more confusion. Even with a very flat sole varying downward pressure will affect the cut. Reduce the variables ...
I have been fortunate enough to assemble and use an array of handplanes – Stanley Bailey bench, block, and specific use planes, oriental woodies of various sizes, Lee Valley Veritas bevel up and scraper planes, and some other assorted types. It took a while, as in 4-5 years of using, fettling, trying various methods of things and different plane designs to form up some conclusions from my experiences. I thought I would pass along these experiences, primarily with the lesser experienced in min...
Stanley must have been one heck of a woodworking super hero to have ALL those tools named after him. Personally, I can’t wait for the day when we can 3D Print tools. Then we can put our OWN names on them!! This project is a step in that direction. A 3D printed Stanley, er… make that David, No 4 handplane. This was printed in a material called “Alumide” at Shapeways. It is a mixture of plastic and aluminum. Super lightweight and fairly durable. While ...
Hello everyone, I’ve been using hand planes for a little while and I wanted to see how accurately I could dimension a piece of material. I grabbed a scrap piece of hard maple and planed it down to some random width and thickness. Here is a video that I made in which I use some machinist’s measuring tools to see how I did.
Finally got the bench to the point where it’s time to flatten the top and finish it. Going into the project almost a year ago, I made a promise to myself that I would flatten the top by hand. I’ve seen the fancy router sled used by the Woodwhisperer (among others), but that’s not how I wanted to go (besides the fact that I don’t want to put down $50 on a wide-pass router bit). The top wasn’t too far out of flat, globally. However, there were lots of...
I looked it up and 111 days ago I said that “in a few days I’ll be done with the Shelton” ... Not surprised that my few days turned into 111. Well it’s finally done with the exception of another coat or 2 of finish on the tote. This is the only plane I have of this style (other than my super smoother from Shampeon – but this one made of all metal and only has a chip breaker with and a cross pin rather than a lever cap), and so any tips / suggestions are appre...
So when I started down this hand plane road I will admit I did not have any idea what I was doing. I purchased hand planes on E Bay with the opinion that I could figure it out as I go, kinda a shot gun approach if you will. This resulted in some purchased that I fell in love with such as a 5 1/4 bench plane that honestly at this point is used more as a smooth plane than a fore plane. I also though bought a block plane well a few, okay, okay I bought like five but they were all different quali...
The desire to make my first hand plane came out of my desire to fix my shooting board. It’s an essential item in my tiny apartment workshop, but shortly after making it, I realized it wasn’t accurate enough. The back beam of the shooting board was not a perfect 90 degrees, but it was off enough to make an impact especially for stock wider than a couple inches. To make tapered shavings of the beam to compensate for my flawed build, I needed some type of shoulder plane. I wasn...
Collecting this information from a variety of web resources. Please watch the type of thread as well. Record Here are the sizes from Recordcollector’s site: Cap Iron screw : 5/16” 18tpi BSW (I believe this is the only standard BSW thread on bench planes)Frog screws : 7/32” 20tpi Whitworth;Tote & Knob bolts : 7/32” 20tpi Whitworth;Tote Toe screw : 7/32” 20tpi Whitworth;Frog Adjusting Plate screw : 7/32” 24tpi Whitworth;Frog Adjusting screw : 1/...
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