Traditional Chinese Jack plane

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Blog entry by bandit571 posted 05-25-2014 10:52 PM 1597 reads 1 time favorited 2 comments Add to Favorites Watch

Start with a chunk of oak. This is Red Oak, I think.

and layout a few lines. A 45 degree one for the iron to bad on, and another for the wedge to press against. Layout some other lines. Where the mouth is, and where the “eyes” go. The Eyes are the two points that hold the wedge in place. Ahead of them is the escape,emt area where shavings are supposed to exit.

Like this. Then the chopping begins

with the idea of making a hole all the way through. Then a saw can define where to chop some more

Yes, that IS a hacksaw. Seemed to work ok inside the body. A new blade would have helped. Lines were not quite followed. Had to “adjust” an angle or two. Then a few whacks with a chisel to remove the waste

until the hole looks like this

Next, i try to get the ramp for the escapement cut

Used a coping saw, this time. Then work on the eyes a bit

I think about every chisel I have was used. I also had a few rasps in use, too. Tried to fit a wedge, and tried again, kept working on both the eyes, and the wedge until it and the iron would fit

For now, the wedge is some walnut scrap I had, might make a new one later. Then a few saw cuts out on the toe at 45 degrres, two from each side. One closest to the toe is only half as deep, the intent is to make a step. A center line was drawn from here back towards the cutter. A few sharper chisels to pare away the top into a nice curve. Leaving just the step out front. I also needed to add a handle of sorts.

An old rasp handle was trimmed up to make a handle. A drill press made a through mortise ( didn’t have a decent chisel for that) and a little “Fussing & Cussing” handle was hammered home. The rear deck was also rounded down a bit, in case a hand would rest there. Chisels to shape, sander to smooth it out

Handle and wedge in place. Gave the plane an “oil bath”

and let it dry. Another look see

Iron is 2” wide. This one was a spare Dunlap I had on hand. You can buy a decent iron at Home depot for about….$3 or so. Body length is around 18” or so. About 1-1/2” thick, by 2-1/4” wide. Note to self: make the next one a bit wide in size. Say about 2-1/2” wide. Because of the plane’s large mouth opening, I will be adding a camber to the iron’s edge. This will be more for hogging down rough sawn stuff.

Nice little weekend project. maybe a smoother will be next? Will need to buy a Buck Brothers iron at Home Depot first….

Thanks for looking in!

-- A Planer? I'M the planer, this is what I use

2 comments so far

View lightcs1776's profile


4228 posts in 1800 days

#1 posted 05-25-2014 11:15 PM

Sweet tutorial. It is high on my list oof things to make. Thanks, Bandit.

-- Chris ** If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my child may have peace. — Tom Paine **

View CFrye's profile


10419 posts in 1985 days

#2 posted 05-25-2014 11:35 PM

Thanks for the blog, Bandit! Appreciate all the pics and info in one place to reference!

-- God bless, Candy

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