A chinese edge plane

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Blog entry by bandit571 posted 05-13-2014 07:12 PM 1836 reads 0 times favorited 3 comments Add to Favorites Watch

While watching a video series about China Hand Tool Wood working, saw a plane the fellow was making.

“Should only take ten minutes or so to make, very simple..” Yeah, RIGHT. Took me about six HOURS!

Anyway, I got out a piece of white oak stock, and tried out some cuts

Ok, THAT didn’t go so well. That dummy can saw worth a … Front of the opening was way too big. Plan B.

Had a second piece of white oak. Saw guy was a little bit better. Used a Hacksaw to make the cuts, then clean up with the chisels. The “iron” used to be a lathe Skew chisel. Harbour Freight one, at that. Trimmed things down into a decent iron. Edge is beveled @ 25 degrees, but, the iron sits in the plane at a skew angle, too. grind and check, and grind some more, until the edge looked good.

Wedge: A piece from the first body, might as well recylcle. Split out a chunk, and file, grind, and chisel until I’m happy.

Ok, Body needs a bit of carving done. Carving? What is that??

Ah, that carving. Front end has two crossing cuts at 45*. One nearest to the iron was a hair deeper, to make a step. Lots of chisel work here, finessed with a belt sander and a strip of sand paper until smooth. Back end

Looks almost like it needs a set of brake lights? Wedge got some more work a-coming, sits too high.

That thin strip under the plane will be the guide fence. More on that later.

Wedge. It has a bevel to match the way the iron sits, plus a bevel to help the escapement hole. What he called a Mouse hole. “Mouse Hole” was chopped using a 1/4” wide chisel. I laid out a circle and chopped down towards the mouth opening. Supposed to allow shavings to curl out the side.

Ok, another day in the shop.

Cutter and the finished wedge. Now, what is going on behind those two?

Getting things together to add the guide fence. Two bolts run up through the fence and into the body of the plane. Had to drill two holes through the fence, and into the body

Then drill out two more holes into the fence, the idea is to connect the two holes at each end to make a slot. First fence was almost done, needed a couple more whacks with the chisel…..snap. Ok, have a second piece handy, go back and do it again. This time, I used a 1/4” Forstner bit and made the slot. File and a chisel clean up. Sand the sides of the new fence, after a slot was chiseled out for the clearence for the iron sticking down. Next, needed two slots in the side of the plane’s body, on the other side away from the cut out for the cutter. Two square nuts go into these slots.

Getting things lined up with the bolts coming through is a real trick. FINALLY got things to go together. Set up a poplar test track

Eyeball the fence to about 3/8” wide rebate, and pushed along. Hmm, a might too deep a cut, and I was going against the grain. hammer to adjust the cut, turn the board around, and

we have curls. Will take a little more “Fettling”, but not too bad.

Ten minutes? My A….....

-- A Planer? I'M the planer, this is what I use

3 comments so far

View DIYaholic's profile


19660 posts in 2849 days

#1 posted 05-14-2014 02:32 AM

From rehabbing to building….
What is next? Perhaps a foundry to cast metal bodied planes???

-- Randy-- I may not be good...but I am slow! If good things come to those who wait.... Why is procrastination a bad thing?

View lightcs1776's profile


4230 posts in 1828 days

#2 posted 05-16-2014 12:06 AM

Sweet plane. Love watching your hand planes getting rehabbed.

-- Chris ** If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my child may have peace. — Tom Paine **

View changeoffocus's profile


467 posts in 1791 days

#3 posted 05-16-2014 12:23 AM

Looks pretty darn good, I admire the fact that you took the initiative to build your own plane.

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