So here is my second blog series, for lacking of a better term, the “old school butt hinge.”
It does not have to be old school, but it is. Why? It takes time, practice, skill, and work to make this almost lost style of hinge work.
Thats why we are here, to learn wood working, practice makes perfect, and I will now introduce the hinge:
Of course there are left and right hinges… so pay attention.
This is the typical straight leaved hinge. You notice the holes, they are what hold the hinge in, with screws, either from inside, so you do not see them from the outside, but one could also put the screws outside. The only thing.
Be Brave! You have practically one chance to make these perfect. To quote a hero and mentor of mine:
Try not. Do or do not, there is no try.
Ok the skeptic, may be sitting there, arms folded saying, “yeah, right, skill? its just a hinge!” Well, I can only say, its very difficult to correct a falsely mortised in hinge. just that simple, and if the screws holding in the hinge are not accurately drilled the door hangs crooked, thats all she wrote… if its for a customer, you can count on making a new door.
But the reward of having a very sleek, and uncommon hinge is well worth the effort and patience.
You will need these tools:
screw sinking tool
screws, that fit the holes but short enough not to go through door
Ok, I had to build in a door on an exisiting frame, and already existing hinges. So unfortunatly in this blog I am actually only doing half the work as the the old hinges, the male piece, is already in the door frame, and my job was to build a new door, and since the old door must remain complete, I must put in the new female half of the hinges in the new door to match the old ones. The procedure is the same for both halves of the hinges, so actually you are not missing much other than that, when working on the door frame, you can not work on the bench.
Another thing I would like to point out, is that since I had made the mortises in the door before I had made the pictures, so for the sake of taking pictures, I made another mortise out of a left over scrap… its the same work again so nothing missed.
Ok now I will start the procedure here:
First step is to hold the new door up to the already built in hinges… old or new, to mark the edge of the hinge so w know where to start the mortise, do the on the upper edge of the hinge in the wall to the edge of the door… use a sharp, soft pencil, if the pencil is too hard you might not find the mark again. (note that you will not have the male piece, its already in the door frame… )
Second step, to to the work shop with the door and hold the female hinge on this line and mark the other edge, so now we have the width of the hinge. Since this is a door that has a relief going around, we have to transfer these marks to the inside of the relief:
Your new best friend, the mortising chisel
It must be sharp, and the back side polished to an almost mirror
And it must have a straight back… you might notice that this is slightly bent, which is not good, but for this relatively shallow hinge it should not provide a problem, we just need to make shallower cuts.
Ok now we are ready to start cutting. I will post this in another section of the blog. So please be patient!
-- Nicholas, Cabinet/Furniture Maker, Blue Hill, Maine