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How to deal with the good tradition in woodcarving craftsmanship relationship with modern mechanical means? How to change the current “produced more than culture” wood production status? How industrialization process in the strengthening of cultural property carvings enhance its cultural value? These have been woodcarving industry concern.
Recently, sponsored by the China Arts and Crafts Society, China Institute of Arts hosted a professional member of woodcarving art “Development and lead the Chinese carvings in innovation” Forum held in Beijing.
Participants focus on “contemporary carvings development and innovation” theme, started a lively discussion. Participants experts generally believe that only handle the relationship between tradition and cultural heritage and the use of modern technology to enhance woodcarving culture shaping, focusing on processing materials, design, technology and other aspects, in order to better promote the development of Chinese woodcarving industry.
Enhance the cultural value is the key
Chinese Arts, president of the China Arts and Crafts Society of Professional Committee of the land of light wood carving art being considered, woodcarving need follow the historical trend, to be good at innovation, to have the ability to absorb nutrients sister art, reflecting the multi-skill. Meanwhile, woodcarving practitioners to enrich their own creation, must Lianhaoneigong improve their theoretical training and artistic accomplishment, the creation of a closely related with people’s lives, by the people’s favorite works.
Zhao Meng, vice president of Tsinghua University, Fine Arts, Department of the China Academy of Fine Arts is shining, the Sculpture Department of Tsinghua University Professor Wang Xiaohui, such as revealing the law of development of art from sculpture carvings, paintings, decorative arts, such as the nature of the development proposed to be carved wooden stick its artistic, thoughtful and creative. They agreed that the carvings development “nature” of the stick, is an important principle to maintain the vitality of the woodcarving industry.
Enhance carvings of cultural value, can effectively develop the market, to avoid shoddy products flooding the market. Such as the tourism market and collectibles market continues to heat up, wood carving souvenirs and scenic spots around the popular tourist market, but also expensive. But Chinese Arts Yuding Liang believes that the development and design of wood carving souvenirs there is obviously insufficient, affecting the healthy development of the industry. First single design ideas, no local characteristics, rarely caught attractions connotation, design and development of local culture; followed woodcarving souvenirs low level of production process, the situation is a lot of tourism, handicraft production processes shoddy serious, low quality; coupled with the lack of a unified and standardized management and industry grade standards, price positioning accuracy is not enough, not too high or too low.
Yu Dingliang think, woodcarving souvenirs must be broken in the design of conventional, enhanced personalization, shaping those distinctive characteristics of fine art images souvenirs and unique ideas, create emotion, deepen the plot, so that the wood carving souvenirs to convey a more far-reaching the moral and fun.
Craftsmanship combined with poor mechanical engraving
Yangyuan County, Hebei Province, “Wang carvings,” sixth-generation inheritors Jianzhong believe in wood craft creations, hand-carved wooden sculpture and machinery to develop quantitative criteria for the type of craft heritage, and promote market segments. Wang Jianzhong childhood learning moment, chisel, shovel, drilling, planing push other techniques. Later, Wang Jianzhong had tried traditional carving techniques and computer combined to improve efficiency, but the experiment failed, computer pattern carved out of the rough, hand can not be repaired. The past 10 years, Wang carvings in the traditional style of furniture on the basis of the continuation of the court, but also to develop a relief, openwork carvings three categories and more than 80 species. Wang Jianzhong created the “four beauties” in the character’s hair less than 0.5 mm thick, knife see effort.
Luguang positive “Yuelu St. rhyme” part
Mechanical engraving difficult to replace manual skills, makes a lot of woodcarving business to appear professional and technical personnel shortages. According to earlier media reports, Dongyang wood carving has encountered this problem, many of the smaller local woodcarving business due to lack of skilled workers and a large number of new skilled workers, leading to the development of enterprises uneven antique carved wooden furniture, quality can not be guarantee.
Architectural Design and Research Institute of Zhejiang University, Shen Ji Huang, former chief architect of modern architecture and carvings from the combined application of comparative analysis summed up, should pay attention to the modern architect’s design philosophy, and to solve the structure of carved wood density, decent and other issues also note scale problems timber deformation and cracking wood.
China commodity trading expert members of the Steering Committee Zhang Yuhai market experts proposed, to woodcarving arts and crafts distinguish hands simultaneously, woodcarving industry to develop and improve the core competitiveness of wood crafts.
Woodcarving is becoming a hot market
Woodcarving is a sculpture, is separated from the wood out of the “fine woodworking” jobs. Woodcarving is generally used in fine texture tough, easily deformed species, such as Phoebe, sandalwood, camphor, cedar, ginkgo, incense, mahogany, longan and other precious wood carving. Its hand techniques clever, great cultural value. Quanzhou wood carving, wood carving, wood carving Yueqing, Chaozhou woodcarving and known as China’s “four carvings.”
In recent years, wood carving industry has become an important category of cultural industries, has become an important choice throughout the development of cultural industries. According to reports, Dongyang City, Zhejiang Province, China woodcarving City in 2012 to achieve full-year sales 10.5 billion yuan, and paid taxes 26,800,000 yuan, enough to see its scale. Guangfeng there are three million people have engaged in woodcarving industry, more than 400 companies, a total annual output value exceeding 20 billion yuan.
Collectible carvings are also gradually being known to the public. Entering June, at more than auction, the auction has woodcarving figure. As in Beijing, a large auction, 7 boxwood carvings traded five, were higher than the starting price, which cleared boxwood carvings “shot” to 80,000 yuan starting, results in 115,000 yuan turnover. “Unpopular” wooden artwork also ushered in the spring. Insiders pointed out that, in particular, a major cause of woodcarving pieces of old wood carvings and gradually take the heat that the state introduced a ban last auction rhino horn carving, ivory carving policy, leading many investors and collectors turn to invest in wood carving, thus pushing up woodcarving price. According to Wood Information Network is understood that in recent years with various countries of precious wood, mahogany and other international convention on the protection is limited, fine woodcarving market price mentioned at least 10 times, woodcarving good product phase is now to be sold for at least several thousand yuan, some large folding screens and furniture, and even appeared on the market more than ten million, several hundred thousand quotes.
Photo examples of modern wood carving
Other examples of modern wood carving http://www.rezbapoderevu.com.ua/