LumberJocks

Dining table inspired by the Greene & Greene Thorsen table #25: Finish Schedule Established and Start Spraying

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Blog entry by TungOil posted 09-25-2017 02:38 AM 2126 reads 0 times favorited 5 comments Add to Favorites Watch
« Part 24: Testing Finish Options, Part 2 Part 25 of Dining table inspired by the Greene & Greene Thorsen table series Part 26: Spraying the Tops and Installation »

Now that the grain filler has arrived, I prepare another test sample. After applying three coats of dye stain and a seal coat of EM6000 gloss I squeegee on three coats of Aqua Seal grain filler using an old hotel key card as a applicator. The Aqua Coat is a gel about the consistency of petroleum jelly and applies easily. It does lift the color some. A light sanding is required between coats to smooth.

I allow the Aqua Coat 24 hour to fully dry then apply three coats of EM6000 gloss to build the base followed by a topcoat of EM6000 satin to achieve the desired sheen.

The grain filler makes a big difference in the appearance of the final finish. Each coat goes down very flat. The finished surface is exceptionally smooth yet the grain still peeks through just slightly. After 25 test samples, I have the final finish schedule worked out.

Finish schedule:

- Spray 3 coats General Finishes water based dye stain, wipe immediately with blue shop towels to blend and take up the excess. Block sand 220 grit after the first application, then scuff sand with 600 grit silicone carbide paper between coats to knock back the raised grain.
- Apply 1 light coat of EM6000 gloss as a seal coat. Block sand with 600 grit silicone carbide paper to flatten any raised grain.
- Tops & leaves get three coats of Aqua Coat grain filler (no grain filler on the bases). Lightly sand with 400 grit silicone carbide between coats.
- Build a finish base with 3 coats of EM6000 gloss , lightly scuff sand 600 grit silicone carbide between coats to denib.
- Apply a final top coat of EM6000 satin to get the desired finished sheen.

With my finish schedule worked out, it’s time to spray the topcoat on the pedestal bases. I apply three coats of EM6000 gloss, lightly scuff sanding between coats. For the final topcoat I switch to EM6000 satin to get the final sheen. The final color is a deep reddish brown.

Without the grain filler, the deep grain of the sapele shows through the finish and has a nice close to the wood appearance.

The ebony plugs stand out nicely against the sapele.

I set the pedestal bases aside outside the shop to free up room to spray the leaves next. I finish the bottoms of the leaves with one coat of EM6000 gloss to seal, block sanded smooth. I follow with three coats of EM6000 gloss to build the finish with just a light scuff sanding between coats then a final coat of EM6000 satin.

After letting the leaves dry overnight, I flip them and apply a single coat of EM6000 gloss to seal the tops in preparation for the grain filler. I set the leaves aside to dry.

While the leaves are drying, I apply three coats of stain to each side of the table halves. The first coat of stain just starts to bring up the grain and color. By the third coat of stain, the color is fully developed. I let the stain dry for a few hours then finish off the bottom side the same as the bottom of the leaves.

Next steps: Grain fill the tops and spray the final topcoat.

-- The optimist says "the glass is half full". The pessimist says "the glass is half empty". The engineer says "the glass is twice as big as it needs to be"



5 comments so far

View EarlS's profile

EarlS

601 posts in 2182 days


#1 posted 09-25-2017 11:44 AM

25 samples – for a project of this scale and appearance, nothing but a perfect finish will do, and I think you have it. Can’t wait to see the final pictures. How long will the finishing take?

-- Earl "I'm a pessamist - generally that increases the chance that things will turn out better than expected"

View TungOil's profile

TungOil

743 posts in 329 days


#2 posted 09-25-2017 12:29 PM

Earl- I hope to be done with the finishing this week. The spraying goes quick, it’s the sanding between coats that takes all the time. and waiting on dry times.

-- The optimist says "the glass is half full". The pessimist says "the glass is half empty". The engineer says "the glass is twice as big as it needs to be"

View PPK's profile

PPK

867 posts in 644 days


#3 posted 09-25-2017 01:22 PM

Beautiful!
Can you stain right over the ebony, or do you have to mask if off?

-- Pete

View TungOil's profile

TungOil

743 posts in 329 days


#4 posted 09-25-2017 04:00 PM

PPK- I stained right over the ebony. I doesn’t really pick up any appreciable color.

-- The optimist says "the glass is half full". The pessimist says "the glass is half empty". The engineer says "the glass is twice as big as it needs to be"

View Mean_Dean's profile

Mean_Dean

5658 posts in 2981 days


#5 posted 09-26-2017 04:50 PM

You’re really working hard to get this just right! I can’t wait to see the finished project!

-- Dean -- "Don't give up the ship -- fight her 'till she sinks!" Capt James Lawrence USN

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