It’s time to break down the parts for the frame.
I straighten one edge with the plane, mark the width using a marking guage, and cut them about 1/16” away from the line. Then its back to the plane to finish them to size and make sure all the pieces are the same width.
The frame pieces need a dado cut in them to accept the panel so it’s time to get out the plow plane.
This is a Record #050 combination plane. It’s used for plowing grooves and also has cutters for beading.
I’ve set it with a 5/16” cutter for a dado 1/8” away from the edge and 1/4” deep.
I use a planing stop and some batons to work as a trap to keep this narrow piece from moving. These batons are made out of oak and are a little hard to see in the pictures, but they are clamped down to the bench with the squeeze clamps going through the dog holes.
I got this tip from Shannon Rodgers (The Renaissance Woodworker)
If the piece is too small for clamping, double sided tape is your best friend.
Now I can move on to flattening and smoothing the maple panel
The first thing I do is take my #4 smoother over to the sharpening station.
I begin with the back side of the panel. It does not need to be extra smooth, but it does need to be flat.
I then flip the panel to the show side and flatten it. Then it’s back to the sharpening station before I smooth the show face.