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My Workbench: One Year Later #1: The Top

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Blog entry by RaggedKerf posted 230 days ago 933 reads 1 time favorited 8 comments Add to Favorites Watch
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I thought I’d take some time to do something that I’ve been thinking about for a while now. See, if you look at a lot of the workbenches here on Lumberjocks you’ll see some real craftsmanship and a lot of artistry. But these guys use wood like oak, maple, cherry, walnut, etc. Don’t get me wrong….if I had the choice I’d make mine out of maple and cherry and walnut in a New York second.

However in my situation, using hardwoods is just too expensive. It’s pretty ironic that when someone is just starting to make sawdust and needs a bench he or she likely won’t have the tools or more importantly, the experience to build something worthy of the wood used.

Which is my point: softwoods like pine can make decent benches. Especially for noobs like me who had some basic tools, and nothing much else but a willingness to work hard. Softwoods are cheap (which in my book gets the highest consideration), readily available (again, big props there) and easily worked with basic tools. The downside is they are…well…uh, soft. Dents, dings, scratches, chips….you can expect all of these and more when you make a bench out of softwoods.

But, you say, isn’t that the point of a workbench? To get beat up (ie, worked on), to sacrifice itself for the sake of the fine furniture you are constructing? To protect the keen edge on tools that slip off the workpiece (yes, it happens to everyone…but when it happened to me I was happy the workbench got chewed up rather than dull my chisels/saw/plane…okay it happened a few times…)

And that is the genius of pine. Yep, it can get pretty beat up, pretty quick. But, you can also repair it pretty quick and pretty cheap. And if you pay even a little attention to what you’re doing (I’m talking to you, yeah, the one rockin’ out to Aerosmith while trimming boards and thinking about steaks for dinner), you not only avoid hurting you bench (and possibly your workpiece or yourself) but you gain an awareness about your tools, workpiece and bench that becomes second nature and can help you avoid mistakes later on.

Well, that was a lot of wind to introduce this entry. I suppose I could have simply said, hey, all you guys out there trying to decide on what bench to build, lookie here: here’s what a pine bench looks like after a decent amount of use and abuse, a year after a rookie made it.

But besides woodworking, I’m a writer, so….I like writing. Oh whatever, just keep reading.

Let’s start with the top. It’s made up of laminated 2×4s (yep, there’s some studs, some 2 and betters…all kinds of stuff mixed in). I went with what was on sale and available at the moment and ripped (rather dangerously and only partially successful) to a width of 3” with my wife’s circular saw (yes, she is awesome in that she likes tools but never uses them…). I shake my head at the idea now, because my hand planes would have been a lot safer…but, I didn’t have those tools and had no experience, to boot. Instead I had a Groz #4. I don’t really want to think about that thing anymore….until I get a new chipbreaker and iron…

Ah well, it worked. And I still have all my fingers!

The top has a few spots (mostly near the leg vise) that have been bruised by misplaced hammer or mallet strikes (in my tiny shop, the bench is also my assembly table):

There’s also a few mystery stains…not sure what this is because I remember ever staining without something protecting the bench. A little paint splatter and a pen that my daughter got a hold one one day lol

The edges, I’m ashamed to say, are still not cut to length. It’s on my list of things to do, if nothing else than to make things look better and help with using jigs, etc off the edges. But, like I said earlier, I use this bench and for the last year, dragging it away from the wall to trim a half inch off the ends just hasn’t been a priority. Best laid plans and all…

Aside from one knot popping loose:

I have had no structural issues with using pine for the top. I hacked (mortised is too fancy a word for the “job” I did on that) a slot for a planing stop….that is something I would not recommend in the future. It worked…but the stop is hickory——maybe too dense a wood for this purpose, because the pressure from planing against it has caused the hickory to widen the gap and now drops right through the bench.

Readers of my blog (all six of you) know that I didn’t flatten the underside of the bench.

I figured why bother, no one will ever see it, right? Wrong…from the sides, it looks…choppy. Especially by the planing stop:

Does that matter though? Aesthetically, yes. Practically? Well….yes. At least for the first couple planks in the front. Using clamps would be easier if there weren’t bumps and ridges between the 2×4s underneath to deal with.

It’s much more evident on the ends….it’s not work prohibitive, just irritating. Like sitting in something wet. You can still shingle a house in wet pants, but you may be in a worse mood for it.

Speaking of minor irritations, I mounted some rails for my sharpening system (a piece of MDF that holds sandpaper sheets) under the bench top to keep it clean, safe, and handy.

My mistake was not mounting it far enough back from the front edge.

Yeah, it works and I was proud of my cleverness. Yeah, I can still clamp things right at the edge, but if I don’t take a second to twist the clamp just so, the sharpening jig bumps the clamp handle resulting in a loose clamp and skinned knuckles.

My options now are to slice off part of the jig (does it really need to be that wide?), move the rails further back (ugh…getting under there was fun enough the first time) or just deal with it a little longer and switch to oil stones (which I am slowly acquiring).

So, lesson learned. Flatten underneath, at least all around the edges and front.

You’ll notice the lack of dog holes in the top (there’s two in the front for a board jack that have come in handy). That’s because I don’t have a wagon/tail vise and without a hold fast, I haven’t really needed any yet.

However, I have plans for making my own hold downs so more on that later. I assume that if I did have dogholes, properly chamfered, they would hold up as well as the rest of the bench.

Speaking of chamfers, I broke the sharp edge at the front of the bench with a block plane and some sandpaper a while and it has held up really well. No tear outs no dongs, no dents. Just a clean, rounded, comfortable yet square enough for working edge.

All in all, I am pretty well pleased with how the top has held up. No twisting, cupping or warping (beyond what was there when I “completed” it). I got the thing to about 95% flat before I started using it. On my someday list is to take the random orbit sander to it and get it good and flat. But, I’m also contemplating just making a new one….now that I have learned from my mistakes. We’ll see.

What else? Well, the top is secured to the base via four big carriage bolts counter sunk into the surface, then hidden by 1” oak dowels trimmed flush.

I have had to tighten the bolts under he top maybe 4 times in the past year. Not too bad at all.

The top is still smooth, flat (mostly), stable and heavy enough for planing without the bench walking away from me. So on the whole, I can heartily recommend laminated pine 2×4s (note this is NOT the fabled southern yellow pine much espoused by The Schwarz…I would have used that in a heart beat were it available).

So feel confident fellow noobs, and build your first bench out of pine if you want. Build your skills and tool arsenal and learn while you do it. My whole bench cost me $95 (including $15 for the leg vise). By bolting the top down to the base, I can easily take it off and make another, bigger, and better. If I want.

More importantly, I don’t have to worry about screwing it up because it can be replaced/repaired so easily. Taking that pressure off a new woodworker is a huge bonus. Now I’m free to push myself and my skills beyond my limits without that distracting little voice in the back of my head warning me not to mess up….

Anyway, stay tuned….next time I’ll show you how other parts of the bench have held up over the past year. My hope is that someone like me (last year) will stumble on this blog and be convinced that pine is not bad for a bench and get cracking on making their first bench.

Without this bench, the projects I completed in the past year, from building bookcases for my kids, to shaving the ends off doors for the closets, this bench has been an invaluable tool for our house. I encourage you in the strongest way, if you don’t have one, build one!

-- Steve http://vaughtwoodworks.wordpress.com



8 comments so far

View Don Broussard's profile

Don Broussard

1340 posts in 750 days


#1 posted 230 days ago

@Steve—I made the same error in judgment that you did by not flattening the bottom of my recycled wood workbench—I used pressure treated wood for my bench salvaged from a porch we added on a few years before our house was total-lossed to Hurricane Gustav. Now when I add an end vise, I’ll have to flatten out an area to allow for the vise installation. I use my bench as an assembly table, like you do with yours. I also use mine as a disassembly, finishing, sanding, etc. table. Actually, I need to refresh the tabletop since its gotten pretty dirty and a bit oily from use. Re: dogs—I just turned some rough wood to a bit larger than 3/4” diameter then sanded down for a tight fit in my dog holes and cut a flat face on one end. I use rubber chair tips on the other end when the flat face is not in use. BTW, you do write well too—I enjoyed your posting.

-- People say I hammer like lightning. It's not that I'm fast -- it's that I never hit the same place twice!

View canadianchips's profile

canadianchips

1830 posts in 1495 days


#2 posted 230 days ago

What I like to see is a bench that people use. Mine is made from salvaged maple 6×6 that I bought at auction. Bench is heavier than heck, BUT I paint on mine, stain on mine, cut, sand plane.I do have dings. Gives the bench “Patina”
I think a lot of woodworkers eventually MODIFY their own benches to accomodate new vises or whatever they think is needed at the time.
Keep enjoying your bench.

-- "My mission in life - make everyone smile !"

View Tugboater78's profile

Tugboater78

927 posts in 690 days


#3 posted 230 days ago

Nice writeup, im in process(slow process) of building a bench. Mine will be of oak though, i was “lucky” enough to get to tear down an old late century house last year and salvaged most of the framing material, which was 75% rough cut red oak, 25% poplar. I am likely being held back by my own mind by wanting to make it “kust right”, partially cause i would hate to make something ugly with the beautiful oak i have to work with,. Eventually it will be done and hopefully I will be satisfied with the results, probably bwtter that i have been working so slowly, kentucky weather is hot and humid in the summer months and dry in the winter, may be best to do my joineey in the winter to keep everything stable. I dont know, i will finish it one day!

-- Justin - the tugboat woodworker - " nothing changed me like the first shnick from a well sharpened, decent hand plane"

View murch's profile

murch

1120 posts in 1123 days


#4 posted 230 days ago

Same here. Some benches are works of art and that’s great but mine is a mongrel.
It has some dovetails and M/T joints but it is still a mongrel.
The only thing I paid for to make it was €5 for a box of screws.
All the timber was rescued/saved/borrowed (cough).

I reckon it’s tough a hell and will last a lifetime, and if it doesn’t – I can probably scrape up €5 for another one.

-- A family man has photos in his wallet where his money used to be.

View mcoyfrog's profile

mcoyfrog

2477 posts in 2093 days


#5 posted 230 days ago

Nice write up and great bench. I would like to make a bench of solid hardwood someday but I just have a hard time justifying the use of such great wood on something that will just get beat up. I’ve had 3 benches in the many years I’ve been doing woodwork and they have all been made out of 2x material for the base structure and usually a double layer of particle board for the top then when the top gets bad I just tear off the top layer and throw another on lickity split.

IN the end I’ve found we/woodworkers just do what feels right to our type of shop.

Thanks for sharing

-- Wood and Glass they kick (well you know) Have a great day - Dug

View BJODay's profile (online now)

BJODay

304 posts in 441 days


#6 posted 229 days ago

I think pine is a fine material for a bench top. If you want to improve it lay some tongue and grove flooring over the top. My Dad made me a workbench with a salvaged maple flooring top. Tough stuff but only 3/4” thick and 18 sq ft. Not too expensive.

BJ

View RaggedKerf's profile

RaggedKerf

399 posts in 619 days


#7 posted 229 days ago

Thanks for stopping by guys. I figured that explaining what one bench looked like a year after being built and used might inspire someone sitting on the fence to just do it. If nothing else, constructing/messin’ with this bench has taught me more than I’ve learned on any other project!

Don: Glad to see I wasn’t the only one who left the bottom of the top “rough”! Neat tip on the dogs.

Canadianchips: yep, this bench gets “used” so much sometimes it’s hard to see…

Justin: You’ve got the kind oak bench that I would be willing to go after—-one day…one day I’ll find a source for wood that won’t break the bank.

Murch: Amen brother, my bench {and it sounds like yours} really speak for the “get ‘er dun” crowd. Whatever works!

Mcoyfrog: thanks for the kind words, glad you enjoyed it! Maybe we could start some sort of “where are they now” thread for benches we’ve built…

BJ: I really like that tongue-and-groove flooring idea! I am seriously going to look into that for when I wreck the top lol

-- Steve http://vaughtwoodworks.wordpress.com

View Craftsman on the lake's profile

Craftsman on the lake

2254 posts in 1936 days


#8 posted 229 days ago

My newfangled bench is made from spruce two by’s. The top is made to be replaced in a few hours and it’s received a lot of use. I don’t protect it and haven’t replace it yet after a few years. I could just take my ROS and sand it down a bit if I wanted to. When I’m building something I can’t be treating the bench with the care I do the furniture I make. It would drive me nuts.

-- The smell of wood, coffee in the cup, the wife let's me do my thing, the lake is peaceful.

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