French in origin, as it was widely considered, the concept and the first band saw machine was invented by William Newberry, an Englishman, in the year 1809. The machine had an band strung over two wheels but these machines remained mostly unused due to the fact that no band saw type blade had been made yet that would last in a constant flexing position. The blades that have were used were not sufficiently flexible enough to withstand the tension applied onto them.
In 1846, band saw blade engineering had been greatly improved. The person responsible for this is Anne Paulin Crepin, a Frenchwoman. Later on, her inventions with band saw blade technology was patented and was later manufactured by A. Perin & Company of A. Perin in Paris, France. Combining Crepin and Perin’s methods, a viable blade was made which started the popularity and use of band saw machines and blade use. Starting in England and the rest of Europe, it’s popularity eventually found its way to North America as well.
As band saw machine and blade use increased, it’s use was limited to primarily, the furniture industry. A number of like minded people tried improving the machine in the aspect of its performance, structure and distinct features. The first American patented band saw was achieved by Benjamin Barker in 1836. Then followed by William Cary. The next band saw machine was manufactured by Goodspeed & Wyman in 1870. Then came Lemuel Hedge, where his band saw was patented in the year 1849 but was reissued in 1857. Hedge’s partial patent expired and was given to Samuel de Vaughan and William Wood where there patents were granted successfully. In 1870, a shop practice expert named M. Powis Bale dated, that in America, the rapid introduction and use of band saws began in 1865. Band saws were now greatly improved. The main frame of the machine has been upgraded in structure and wheels were greatly modified in order for the blade to be able to last as it or they were engineered to be.
Band saws, at the present, have been greatly improved, from manual band saws, semi-automatic and fully automatic band saws. They are a staple in the machine tool industry and have dramatically affected the productivity within general cutting trades – metal, wood or others.