LumberJocks

Japanese Tools #2: Vocabulary.

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Blog entry by CreekOne posted 09-10-2014 03:55 PM 3087 reads 1 time favorited 0 comments Add to Favorites Watch
« Part 1: This is the start of a new series where I'm going to clean and fix up tools, specifically Japanese Part 2 of Japanese Tools series Part 3: Saw fixing weekend »

THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS, PLEASE HELP ME FILL THIS OUT.
Send me a message or a comment to add stuff

This is my small vocabulary of Japanese tools.
This names are useful to know if you wish to use, buy or search for Japanese tools.

Reader should remember that the names may change in different regions of Japan.

Personally I think its good to know the names of tools in more than one language, Swedish is my native tongue so I know a lot of tools in three languages already.

This vocabulary will be devised in to categories by different types of tools and subdivided in individual tools.
I will also try to write it in this format: English name – Japanese name (Japanese signs) // Comment
Italic basically means different types of the same basic plane

Hand planes – Ganna (鉋) // Often spelled Kanna.

  • Spear plane – Yari-ganna (槍鉋) // The original Japanese plane
  • More to come here I hope!
  • Smoothing planes – Hira-ganna (平鉋) // General name for the “standard plane type”
  • Extremely rough smoothing plane – Oni-arashiko-ganna (鬼荒しこ鉋)
  • Rough smoothing plane – Arashiko-ganna (荒しこ鉋)
  • Uneven smoothing plane – Muratori-ganna (むらとり鉋)
  • Middle smoothing plane – Chushiko-ganna (中しこ鉋)
  • Before finish smoothing plane – Jyoshiko-ganna (上しこ鉋)
  • Finish smoothing plane – Shiage-ganna (仕上げ鉋)
  • Mid-length plane – Chudai-ganna (中台鉋) // Around 35 cm long dai
  • Jointer plane – Nagadai-ganna (長台鉋) // At-least 40 cm long dai
  • Block plane or Small plane – Ko-ganna (小鉋) // Less than 5.5cm long blade
  • Big plane – O-ganna (大鉋) // Blade wider than 9 cm
  • Mini plane / Bean plane – Mame-ganna (豆鉋) // Unusually small plane
  • Sole tuning plane – Dainaoshi ganna (台直し鉋)
  • “Aircraft” plane – Hikōki kanna (飛行機鉋) // Used in Shoji and Kumiko
  • Shoulder planes or Groove planes – Jyakuri-ganna (決り鉋) or Mizo-ganna (溝鉋)
  • Rough shoulder plane – Ara-jyakuri-ganna (荒決り鉋)
  • Shoulder plane – Soko-jyakuri-ganna (底決り鉋)
  • Western Japan type – Nishi-gata (西型)
  • Eastern Japan type – Higashi-gata (東型)
  • The comb type – Kushi-gata (櫛型)
  • The Osaka type – Osaka-gata (大阪型)
  • Wide groove plane – Motoichi-jyakuri-ganna (基市決り鉋)
  • Groove plane – Kikai-jyakuri-ganna (機械決り鉋)
  • Curved grooves plane – Dabo-jyakuri-ganna (ダボ決り鉋)
  • Lap or halving joint plane – Ai-jyakuri-ganna (相決り鉋)
  • Dovetail plane – Ari-jyakuri-ganna (蟻決り鉋)
  • Groove plane – Kude-jyakuri-ganna (組手決り鉋) // Specially for making Shoji screen dividers joints
  • Wide groove plane – Madowaku-jyakuri-ganna (窓枠決り鉋) // Specially for windows in western architecture
  • Rebate or Rabbet plane – Kiwa-ganna (際鉋)
  • Right cutting type – hidari-gatte (左勝手型)
  • Left cutting type – migi-gatte (右勝手型)
  • Groove sides planes – Wakitori-ganna (脇取鉋)
  • Groove sides plane – Wakitori-ganna (脇取鉋) or Hibukura-ganna (ひぶくら鉋)
  • “Double usages” plane – Nitoku-ganna (二徳鉋)
  • “5 different usages” plane – Gotoku-ganna (五徳鉋)
  • Chamfer planes, Moulding planes and Compass planes – Mentori-ganna (面取り鉋)
  • Convex rounding plane – Sotomaru-ganna (外丸鉋)
  • Concave rounding plane – Uchimaru-ganna (内丸鉋)
  • Spoon-bottomed plane – Soridai-ganna (反り台鉋)
  • 4 directionally convex plane – Shiho-sori-ganna (四方反り台鉋)
  • 4 directionally concave plane – Funa-zoko-ganna (舟底鉋)
  • Chamfer planes and Moulding planes – Mentori-ganna (面取り鉋)
  • Point of a sword chamfer – Mentori-ganna kensaki (面取鉋-剣先面)
  • Pointed edges chamfer – Mentori-ganna kicho-men (面取鉋-几帳面)
  • Flat chamfer – Mentori-ganna hirakicho-men (面取鉋-平几帳面)
  • Monk’s head chamfer – Mentori-ganna bozu-men (面取鉋-坊主面)
  • Gingko chamfer – Mentori-ganna ginnan-men (面取鉋-銀杏面)
  • Calabash chamfer – Mentori-ganna hyotan-men (面取鉋-瓢箪面)
  • Free form flat chamfer – Mentori-ganna jiyu-kaku-men (面取鉋-自由角面)
  • Free form monk’s head chamfer – Mentori-ganna jiyu-saru-men (面取鉋-角面・猿頬面兼用)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna gomae-men (面取鉋-胡麻柄面)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna hikikake-men (面取鉋-引掛面)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna iriko-men (面取鉋-入子面)
  • Single thread chamfer – Mentori-ganna katahimo-men (面取鉋-片紐面)
  • Double thread chamfer – Mentori-ganna ryohimo-men (面取鉋-両紐面)
  • Mullion chamfer – Mentori-ganna kumiko-men (面取鉋-組子面)
  • Double shape changing chamfer – Mentori-ganna nichobori-henkei-men (面取鉋-二丁掘変形面)
  • Shape changing chamfer – Mentori-ganna henkei-men (面取鉋-変形面)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna sumimaru-yokokezuri (面取鉋-隅丸横削り)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna sumimaru-hyotan-men (面取鉋-隅丸瓢箪面)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna bozu-men (面取鉋-坊主面)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna kenyo-bozu-men (面取鉋-兼用坊主面)
  • UNKNOWN chamfer – Mentori-ganna hira-bozu-men (面取鉋-平坊主面)
  • Kumiko angle planes – Ha-ganna (葉鉋) // Four planes designed to cut at 60°, 45°, 30°, and 15°
  • 60° Ha-ganna – Gomagara-ganna (ゴマガラ鉋)
  • 45° Ha-ganna – 45 Do-ganna (45度鉋)
  • 30° Ha-ganna – Asanoha-ganna (麻ノ葉鉋)
  • 15° Ha-ganna – Yae Asa-ganna (八重麻鉋)
  • Special planes
  • Tongue and groove plane – Maru-inrō kanna (丸印籠鉋) // Specially used where Shoji doors meet
  • Tongue and groove plane – Inrō-ganna (印籠鉋) // General Tongue and groove planes
  • Tongue plane – Sane-ganna (さね鉋)
  • Free form tongue plane – jiyu-sane-ganna (自由さね鉋)
  • End grain surface plane – Koguchi-ganna (木口鉋)
  • Round corner rebate or rabbet plane – Naguri-ganna (なぐり鉋)
  • Spokeshave – Nankin-ganna (南京鉋)
  • UNKNOWN groove plane – Umegashi-yo-yokomizu-ganna (埋樫用横溝鉋)
  • Handplane parts and other names
  • Plane blade – Ganna-ba ()
  • Plane block – Ganna-dai or Dai ()
  • White oak for Dai – Kashi ()
  • Common laminated plane blade – Awase-ganna ()
  • Hard steel – Hagane (鋼)
  • Soft iron – Jigane (地金)
  • Front side of blade – Ko ()
  • Back side of blade – Ura (裏)
  • Hollow back of plane blade – Ura-suki (裏透き)
  • The flat of the plane blade – Ito-ura () // Ito is optimal size for planes
  • The mouth – Ha-guchi ()
  • The sole – Shitaba ()
Chisels – Nomi (鑿)
  • Striking chisel – Tataki-nomi (叩鑿)
  • Primary striking chisel – Hon-tataki (本叩き)
  • Wide chisel – Hiro-nomi (広鑿)
  • Mid-thin chisel – Chu-usu-nomi (中薄鑿)
  • Mid-sized striking chisel – Chu-tataki-nomi (中叩鑿)
  • Butt chisel – Oire-nomi (大入鑿)
  • Mortise chisel – Mukoumachi-nomi (向う区鑿)
  • Double blade mortise chisel – Nihon-mukoumachi-nomi (二本向う区鑿)
  • Teverse round chisel – Ura-maru-nomi (裏丸鑿)
  • Tsubo type round chisel – Tsubo-maru-nomi (壺丸鑿)
  • Finishing chisel – Shiage-nomi (仕上鑿)
  • Paring chisel – Tsuki-nomi (突鑿)
  • Acute angles chisel – Ari-nomi (蟻鑿) or Shinogi-nomi (鎬鑿)
  • Thin chisel – Usu-nomi (薄鑿)
  • Trowel chisel – Kote-nomi (鏝鑿)
  • Special chisel’s
  • Sword guard chisel – Tsuba-nomi (鐔鑿)
  • Punching-out chisel – Uchinuki (打抜)
  • Chip-removing chisel – Sokosarae-nomi (底さらえ鑿)
  • Harpoon chisel – Mori-nomi (銛鑿)
  • Sickle chisel – Kama-nomi (鎌鑿)
  • Chisel parts and other names
  • Front side of blade – Ko ()
  • Back side of blade – Ura (裏)
  • Sharp edge – Kissaki ()
  • Blade facet – Kireba ()
  • Blade corners – Mimi ()
  • Side edge – Kobashi ()
  • Hollow back of chisel – Ura-suki (裏透き)
  • The flat back of the chisel – Beta-ura () // Beta is optimal size for chisels
  • Blade shaft – Kubi ()
  • Tang – Nakago ()
  • Ring between blade and handle – Kuchigane ()
  • Handle – E ()
  • Capping ring – Katsura ()

Saws – Nokogiri (鋸)

Hammers – Tsuchi (槌)

Axes – Ono (斧) and Masakari (鉞)

Measuring
  • Old length measurement units
    1⁄10000 – Mō (毛 or 毫) // 0.03mm
    1⁄1000 – Rin (厘) // 0.30mm
    1⁄100 – Bu (分) // 3.03mm
    1⁄10 – Sun (寸) // 30.3mm
    1 – Shaku (尺) // 303mm Might be the Japanese equivalent to the foot
    1×6 – Ken (間) // 1818mm
    1×6 – Hiro (尋) // 1818mm This is to measure depth
    1×10 – Jō (丈) // 3030mm
    1×360 – Chō (町) // 109100mm
    1×12960 – Ri (里) // 3927000mm

Marking

Other tools
More to come soon, need to find time!

THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS, PLEASE HELP ME FILL THIS OUT.
Send me a message or a comment to add stuff



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